Egas Moniz


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E·gas Mo·niz

(ĕ-gäs′ mô-nēsh′), Antonio de 1874-1955.
Portuguese neurologist. He shared a Nobel Prize (1949) for advances in brain surgery.
References in periodicals archive ?
comments Nuno Canas, Department of Neurology, Hospital Egas Moniz.
It was in de Egas Moniz Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal, where the unnamed woman, officially a U.
In each of its seven episodes, the series ventures into the obscure laboratories that have produced some of the most sinister scientific practices of all time, including the experiments of Egas Moniz, one of the first doctors to practice lobotomies; Robert Cornish, who claimed to have found a way to come back from the dead; and Dr.
Most importantly, Wagner, Meduna and Sakel were contemporaries of Egas Moniz, who made brain surgery a viable means of combating mental illness.
Historians of psychiatry agree that Egas Moniz never read about Burckhardt's treatment.
Egas Moniz would soon hear about Jacobsen's work, and although the Yale study intended to prove the complicated functions of the frontal lobes in a higher animal, this seemed therapeutic to the Portuguese doctor.
Branco, chief of rheumatology at the Hospital Egas Moniz, Lisbon.
Following the experience of psychiatrist Egas Moniz in Portugal, they had given frontal lobotomies to six patients.
Indeed, the 1949 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine was awarded to Egas Moniz for "his invention of a surgical treatment for mental illness.
Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz, developer of the lobotomy, thought that mental illness resulted from fixed thought patterns and that "to cure these patients we must destroy the more or less fixed arrangements of cellular connections that exist in the brain.
Turning to medicine, suffice it to say that Antonio Egas Moniz was awarded the prize, in 1949, for performing leucotomies by banging an ice pick through the patient's eye socket, and wrenching it from side to side to sever their frontal lobes.
Portuguese neurologist Egas Moniz did the first lobotomy in 1935.