ECT


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

electroconvulsive therapy

 (ECT) [e-lek″tro-kon-vul´siv]
a treatment for mental disorders in which an electric current is used to produce convulsions. It is used primarily to treat depression or the depressive phase of bipolar disorder; it has also been used to treat some forms of schizophrenia and acute mania. This method does not provide the patient with any insight; therefore antidepressants are the treatment of first choice for depressed persons. However, those who do not respond to medication or are unable to take it often experience dramatic improvement after electroconvulsive therapy. Formerly called electroshock therapy.

The procedure begins with administration of an intravenous anesthetic such as methohexital or thiopental to induce general anesthesia and a muscle relaxant such as succinylcholine to prevent a peripheral seizure that could carry the risk of bodily injury. Electric current is then applied unilaterally to the brain through an electrode placed on the skull. The goal is to produce a seizure in the central nervous system without causing any of the frightening manifestations of a grand mal seizure; modern techniques using EEG recordings while administering ECT make this possible. Side effects occasionally include acute confusional state upon recovery from general anesthesia, which may last up to an hour. There may be a loss of memory, particularly of recent events. Basic principles of preoperative and postoperative nursing care apply.

ECT

ECT

electroconvulsive therapy.

ECT

abbr.
electroconvulsive therapy

ECT

1 abbreviation for electroconvulsive therapy.
2 abbreviation for emission computed tomography.

ECT

Abbreviation for:
ectopy
electroconvulsive threshold
electroconvulsive therapy 
emission computed tomographic
Emory Cardiac Toolbox
enteric coated tablet
euglobulin clot test
European compression technique
exercise challenge test
Experiential Cognitive Therapy

ECT

Electroconvulsive therapy, see there.

ECT

Abbreviation for electrochemotherapy;
electroconvulsive therapy;
energy conservation techniques.

ECT

See ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY.

ECT

Electroconvulsive therapy sometimes is used to treat depression or mania when pharmaceutical treatment fails.
Mentioned in: Bipolar Disorder

ECT

Abbreviation for electroconvulsive therapy; electroshock therapy.

ECT

electroconvulsive therapy.

Patient discussion about ECT

Q. What is the ECT method of treatment for depression? I have a friend who is suffering from major depression and is now about to start ECT treatment. What exactly is that?

A. ECT is the electroshock therapy for treating severe depression that does not heal with medication trials. In this treatment, an electric shock is induced, in levels that are not by any means risking the patient’s life. It has been proven to be of great effectiveness in people with refractory depression (meaning that drugs no longer have a therapeutic effect) and is saved as a “last resort”.

Q. What are the side effects of electroconvulsive therapy for depression? My sister is about to have electroconvulsive therapy for treating her severe depression. Is this method safe to use? What are the side effects?

A. Known side effects of ECT include mainly short-term memory loss, disorientation and headaches. Other adverse effects are common, as are long-term memory and other neurocognitive deficits, which may persist. The American Psychiatric Association and the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence have concluded that the evidence they had suggested that the procedure, when administered according to their standards and without complications, does not cause brain damage in adults.

Q. HOW CAN ENERGIES AFFECT THE HEALING OF THE BODY?CHI, ELOPTIC, YOU'R SEVEN SHOCKERS ECT POSITIVE OR NEGITIVE? ENERGIES WE EXPRESS AND RECIEVE TO AND FROM OTHERS

A. Chinese medicine and alternatives should be approached with caution, but that said, a modality that has been around for over 3,000 years must have benefits. The practitioner may possibly be a bit more suspect. Then again, nothing ventured, nothing gained. If you haven’t any experience with it, how can one have a legitimate opinion?
Remember, a hundred years ago, our very own “Doctors” cured with leaches and such… it wasn’t until they pooled their resources together and lobbied the government for the right to the name of “Doctor or Medical Practitioner”. That’s it. No science, just lobbying the politicians….

More discussions about ECT
References in periodicals archive ?
9) Right-sided, unilateral ECT induces less cognitive dysfunction compared with bilateral electrode placement, (9) but bilateral ECT is more clinically effective.
Hermida, MD, a geriatric psychiatrist and ECT practitioner at Emory University, Atlanta.
The efficacy of newer antidepressants in the continuation period following ECT is not well documented.
At ECT, we develop technology for voice and multimedia value-added services based on our INtellECT[R] Next-Generation Intelligent Network and INtellECT[R] Service Delivery Platform.
When to use ECT"When you're using ECT for [agitated] psychosis [which includes some types of schizophrenia] or severe catatonia where you really need to intervene fast because the patient is debilitated, it's quite the norm to move for bilateral," he noted.
Within the aforementioned national, international and academic guidelines, some common themes emerge: a) the need for frequent and ongoing monitoring of a patient's cognitive functioning; b) the importance of a baseline assessment of cognitive functioning prior to commencing ECT to obtain a benchmark for cognitive change; c) the MMSE is the most commonly recommended cognitive screen but is potentially problematic; d) a report of subjective memory function should also be obtained, and e) a patient's clinical state should be assessed alongside their cognitive function.
ECT induced mania has been suggested to represent a switch phenomenon in Bipolar illness but the causal role of ECT is difficult to establish.
Immediately after recalling the story, the patients were anesthetized and treated with ECT.
On the other hand, recall abilities of Group C, which did not receive ECT at all, were solid, indicating that both ECT and reconsolidation is required to impair memory recall.
A review of literature regarding ECT was using search engines like MEDLINE, PsycInfo, and OVID using the key words "electroconvulsive therapy," "seizure parameters," "seizure duration," "seizure threshold," "stimulus dosing" and "effectiveness.