Occam's razor

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Oc·cam's ra·zor

(ŏk'imz rā'zŏrh),
The principle of scientific parsimony. William of Occam (ca. 1282-1340) stated it thus: "The assumptions introduced to explain a thing must not be multiplied beyond necessity."
The simplest expression of scientific truth; where 2 theories exist to explain a similar phenomenon, the one making the fewest assumptions should prevail—i.e., it should be no more complicated than necessary. In keeping with Occam’s razor, generalisations should be based on observed facts and not on other generalisations

Occam's razor

A principle in science and philosophy, much applied in medicine, that one should try to account for an observed phenomenon in the simplest possible way and should not look for multiply explanations of its different aspects. For instance, a range of symptoms and signs occurring together should always, if possible, be attributed to a single disease rather than to several different diseases occurring simultaneously. (William of Occam, ca. 1290–1349, English philosopher).

Occam's razor

see OCKHAM'S RAZOR.

Occam's razor

a principle named after William of Occam, a 14th century philosopher. The generalization states that, if there are a number of explanations for observed phenomena, the simplest explanation is preferred. Called also scientific parsimony.
References in periodicals archive ?
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The idea from Russian President Vladimir Putin to merge Russian military aircraft makers would contradict market economy principles, according to the Russian anti-monopoly agency.
Ambiguities surround the attempt to interpret volunteer employment and training in accordance with market economy principles.
PAN builds alliances among developers, content providers, and distributors, bringing New Economy principles to the interactive entertainment industry.
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Market economy principles are not always respected on the Russian side" complains Kalniete, and argues that "politically coloured" decisions are "incompatible with Russia's aspirations to become a member of the World Trade Organisation".
This provides a framework for broad-based relations with Kazakhstan, based on democratic values, including political dialogue and the rule of law, and - on the economic side - market economy principles.