ecological fallacy


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ecological fallacy

a false assumption that the presence of a pathogenic factor and a disease in a population can be accepted as proof that a particular individual is the cause of the disease.

ecological fallacy

In epidemiology, the erroneous attempt to determine an individual's specific risk of developing a disease from an analysis of the risk found in the study of a community or population.

ecological

emanating from or pertaining to ecology.

ecological biome
see biome.
ecological climax
the state of balance in an ecosystem when its inhabitants have established their permanent relationships with each other.
ecological fallacy
bias following misinterpretation that ecological factors affect all individuals equally.
ecological imbalance
the naturally occurring changes in the environment, e.g. bushfires, floods, volcanic fallout, which leave it unbalanced with respect to the type and quality of the feed they provide.
ecological interface
the border between two ecosystems.
ecological mosaic
a pattern of interspersed ecosystems.
ecological niche
1. the position occupied by an organism in relation to other organisms and to the environment.
2. a particular part of an ecological environment in which a particular plant or animal species prospers. It is the set of terms, in relation to food and water supply and relationship with predators and disease and with competitors, by which the organism achieves its full biological potential.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the selections that follow, we will examine three specific manifestations of Robinson's ecological fallacy, i.
In the next section, we discuss a manifestation of the ecological fallacy in the context of a technique commonly used for developing media strategy.
The ecological fallacy is a temptation for sociologists and political scientists who deal with aggregate data, and, in an individualistic environment, they will be quickly called to order if they commit the fallacy.
Although the ecological association may exactly reflect a causal link between a risk factor and an effect, the ecological fallacy may limit its usefulness.
The same association was found at the individual level, by which it was concluded that there is no ecological fallacy, and that the ecological association can be inferred at individual level.
Evaluation of ecological fallacy through of the comparison of the proportion of AfroColombian population between cases and non cases.
It is a common practice to assume the presence of ecological fallacy (Robinson 1950) and low-level validity when analyzing an ecological study.
Thus, it is necessary to have clear guidelines on when there is or not an ecological fallacy.
When the focus of the study was contextual or based on population effects and there is no inference to individuals, ecological fallacy is not possible.
An analysis could have been done based on the 107 census tracts, although some of the larger census tracts might not be internally homogeneous and the ecological fallacy would be a problem even at this level.

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