Ebola

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Ebola

(ĭ-bō′lə, ĕb′ō-lä)
n.
1. A filovirus that causes disease in humans and nonhuman primates and spreads through contact with bodily fluids of infected people and animals. Bats are thought to be the host reservoir for the virus. Also called Ebola virus.
2. An acute, usually fatal form of hemorrhagic fever that is caused by this virus and is characterized by fever, headache, muscle pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and bleeding, especially from the mucous membranes and gastrointestinal tract. Also called Ebola disease, Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Ebola virus disease.

Ebola,

river in Zaire, Africa.
Ebola hemorrhagic fever - Synonym(s): Ebola virus
Ebola virus - filovirus discovered in 1976, level 4 pathogen; severity of illness can run from mild to fatal in host. Synonym(s): Ebola hemorrhagic fever
References in periodicals archive ?
Sin embargo, estudios realizados en monos macacos Rhesus infectados con Zaire ebolavirus, han demostrado que la administracion intravenosa con rhAPC 30 y 60 minutos despues de la exposicion durante 7 dias, aumenta su supervivencia con disminucion de la carga viral y reduccion tanto de la activacion de la coagulacion como de la respuesta inflamatoria sistemica, por lo cual sugiere que el tratamiento con rhAPC puede ser considerado como una buena alternativa para mejorar la supervivencia en los pacientes con EVE (17).
Assessment should consider any potential spread of Ebolavirus into domesticated farm animals, particularly in light of changing land use patterns.
In contrast, the present Zaire ebolavirus epidemic devastating Western Africa has resulted in more than 9,000 confirmed deaths and nearly 23,000 suspected cases.
The simultaneous Sudan ebolavirus outbreak had a 50% fatality rate.
Given the high risk of nosocomial transmission of Ebolavirus (5), health authorities must be vigilant in implementation of strict infection prevention and control measures in all health care settings and alert to the possibility that less well-controlled settings might inadvertently act to propagate rather than interrupt transmission.
The current EVD outbreak in West Africa is caused by the genus Ebolavirus which belongs to the family Filoviridae.
Six months later, this small outbreak of Ebolavirus Disease (EVD) has grown into the largest outbreak of EVD ever seen, with thousands of cases and deaths in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone and smaller incursions into Nigeria, Senegal and even in the United States.
A fifth, the Reston Ebolavirus, has been recorded in Asia.
According to the Panel, Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by 4 species of ebolavirus.
Ebola virus disease or EVD is also known as Ebola hemorragic fever or EHF and is caused by ebolavirus leading to death mostly.
The filoviruses, including Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus have been linked to bats.
Ebolavirus contains five species: Bundibugyo ebolavirus, Zaire ebolavirus, Reston ebolavirus, Sudan ebolavirus, and Tai Forest ebolavirus.