Ebola virus disease


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Ebola virus disease

[ēbō′lə]
Etymology: Ebola River District, Congo
an infection caused by a species of ribonucleic acid viruses of the Filovirus genus. There are four identified subtypes of Ebola virus: Côte d'Ivoire, Sudan, and Zaire, which have been associated with human disease, and Reston, which causes fatal hemorrhagic disease in nonhuman primates and originated in the Philippines. The usually lethal disease is characterized by hemorrhage and fever. The natural reservoir and method of transmission of primary infections are unknown, but secondary infection is by direct contact with infectious blood or other body secretions, in research settings, or by airborne particles. The incubation period ranges from 2 to 21 days. Initial symptoms include high fever, headache, chills, myalgia, sore throat, red itchy eyes, and malaise. Later symptoms include severe abdominal pain, chest pain, bleeding, shock, vomiting, and diarrhea. Maculopapular rash may occur in some patients. Treatment is supportive; in nearly 90% of cases, death occurs within 1 week. It is not known why some patients are able to recover from the Ebola virus while others are not, but the latter have no detectable immune response to the infection. The Ebola virus is related to the Marburg virus. Also called African hemorrhagic fever, Ebola hemorrhagic fever. See also Marburg virus disease.

Ebola virus disease

A severe infectious disease first described among laboratory workers in Marburg, West Germany and occurring later in the Sudan and Zaire. There is fever, muscle aching, diarrhoea, sore throat, an extensive rash, bleeding into the bowel and involvement of the brain and kidneys. The mortality may be over 90% in untreated cases and 25% in those given good supportive treatment.

Patient discussion about Ebola virus disease

Q. Ebola is serious I heard that Ebola is serious disease crapping out the inner lining of our intestines, the lining of our tongue peeling off, blood comming out of every hole in our body, including our nips. not too much fun. Could anyone tell me about the treatment for this. So this can educate me and other who read this.

A. Ebola is classified as a biosafety level 4 agent (EXTREME HAZARD-full precautions required, NO KNOWN vaccine/cure), as well as a Category A bioterrorism agent by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. and that's because it's highly violent and with no cure or vaccine.

More discussions about Ebola virus disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Caring for critically ill patients with Ebola virus disease.
The results yielded negative for Ebola virus disease," she said.
Outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in Guinea: Where Ecology Meets Economy.
The Ebola virus disease, previously known as the Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe illness in humans, often fatal, according to the WHO.
We fitted the model to the number of weekly reported Ebola virus disease cases in Western Area during August 16-November 31, 2014 (1).
To this end, it is vital to ask one key question: Has the patient either traveled to or lived in a country with Ebola virus transmission (West Africa, and more specifically, the countries of Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea), or had contact with an individual with confirmed Ebola Virus Disease within the past 21 days?
Guidance on personal protective equipment to be used by healthcare workers during management of patients with ebola virus disease in U.
Ebola virus disease, formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.
Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks: one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo.
the hospital response, he has asked the concerned division to develop short- term and long- term strategies for medical management of emerging diseases such as Ebola Virus Disease.
With all the news and information about the risk of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) reaching New Zealand, infection prevention and control (IPC) nurses throughout the country are busy answering questions, refreshing staff about the correct use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and helping put in place the many protocols that will be needed, should a case present at any New Zealand facility.
ADAA is carefully monitoring the communications issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention concerning the recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD,) We strongly encourage dental assistants to immediately seek information from reliable sources with regards to Ebola Virus Disease and to regularly refresh their knowledge of current recommended infection control practices for dentistry.