eye movement desensitization and reprocessing

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eye movement desensitization and reprocessing



A treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder and other conditions in which a person recalls a disturbing memory while looking to the left or right (or listening to sounds or attending to tactile stimulation of one hand and then the other).

eye movement desensitization and reprocessing,

n psychophysiologic treatment that proposes to remove painful memories by providing a moving object for the eye to track while the therapist and patient use deconditioning therapy. Also called
References in periodicals archive ?
She suggests trying EMDR before turning to medication when patients relate their anxiety, depression, hypervigilance, nightmares, insomnia, or anger to a difficult experience.
Within the phases of the EMDR protocol, clients are asked to bring up the disturbing image, notice what they are thinking and feeling, and hold the image/thoughts/feelings in consciousness while following the clinician's fingers, an object, or flashing lights, or any other sensory stimulation, in a bilateral motion.
CBT and EMDR have the best evidence base as psychological interventions for the treatment of PTSD.
Francine Shapiro, an American psychologist, first described EMDR in 1989 as a psychological treatment to alleviate the distress associated with traumatic memories (Hogberg, Pagani, Sundin, Soares and Aberg-Wistedt, 2007).
The EMDR international Association reports that the treatment guidelines of the American Psychiatric Association and the international Society for Traumatic Stress Studies both designate EMDR as "an effective treatment for post-traumatic stress" and also cites the U.
Like other types of therapy, EMDR makes an effort to alter the way an individual reacts to traumatic memories.
EMDR combines cognitive therapy with directed eye movements.
EMDR may be considered a special application of imaginal exposure, because it uses the repeated guided visual imagery of the traumatic memory; however, it has been considered unique because it involves the elicitation of rapid, saccadic eye movements during the imaginal exposure session and these movements are considered to be an important treatment element (Zoellner, Fitzgibbons & Foa, 2001).
EMDR has been championed by some ex-gay therapists, though the EMDR Institute is agnostic on such uses.
The second Issue is devoted to a special section on psychotherapy outcome, with discussion of variations of Rorschach variables in therapeutic follow-up; a small-scale comparative study of psychodynamic consultation and the Rorschach with adolescents; assessing changes in psychoanalytic psychodynamic therapy with an early adolescent; and a case study of a human- caused trauma survivor to demonstrate evaluating an EMDR treatment outcome using the Rorschach, the TAT, and the IES-R.
With more than 70 practitioner associates, modalities include psychiatry, psychology, acupuncture, meditation, EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing), Chinese medicine, neurofeedback, biofeedback, nutrition counseling, meditation, and noga.