ELISA

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Related to ELISA assay: ELISA test

assay

 [as´a]
determination of the purity of a substance or the amount of any particular constituent of a mixture.
biological assay bioassay; determination of the potency of a drug or other substance by comparing the effects it has on animals with those of a reference standard.
CH50 assay a test of total complement activity as the capacity of serum to lyse a standard preparation of sheep red blood cells coated with antisheep erythrocyte antibody. The reciprocal of the dilution of serum that lyses 50 per cent of the erythrocytes is the whole complement titer in CH50 units per milliliter of serum.
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) any enzyme immunoassay using an enzyme-labeled immunoreactant (antigen or antibody) and an immunoadsorbent (antigen or antibody bound to a solid support). A variety of methods are used for measuring the unknown concentration, such as either competitive binding between the labeled reactant and unlabeled unknown or a sandwich technique in which the unknown antigen binds both the immunoadsorbent and labeled antibody. One of the uses of ELISA is to screen blood for antibody to the human immunodeficiency virus; a positive result indicates probable exposure to the virus and possibly that the virus is in the blood. Since false-positives can occur, a back-up test is used to confirm positive findings.
 ELISA: With antigen capture ELISA, the wells are coated with antibody to the virus. The sample containing virus (1) is added and, after washing several times, enzyme conjugated to an antibody to the virus is added (2). Finally, after a further cycle of washing, the enzyme's substrate (3) is added. A colored product is formed if the viral antigen is present in the sample (4). From Hart and Shears, 1997.
microhemagglutination assay–Treponema pallidum (MHA-TP) a Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay using microtechniques; used in the detection of syphilis.
radioreceptor assay a radioligand assay in which a radiolabeled hormone is used to measure the concentration of specific cellular receptors for the hormone in tissue specimens, an example being radioassay of estrogen receptors in breast tissue.
thyroid-stimulating hormone assay thyroid-stimulating hormone test.
Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA) a treponemal antigen serologic test for syphilis using tanned sheep red blood cells coated with antigen from the Nichol's strain of Treponema pallidum and treated patient serum; it is similar in sensitivity and specificity to the FTA-ABS test. This test is not useful for individuals who have had syphilis in the past.

ELISA

(ĕ-lē'să),

ELISA

(e-li´sah) Enzyme-Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay; any enzyme immunoassay using an enzyme-labeled immunoreactant and an immunosorbent.

ELISA

(ĭ-lī′zə, -sə)
n.
A sensitive immunoassay that uses an enzyme linked to an antibody or antigen as a marker for the detection of a specific protein, especially an antigen or antibody. It is often used as a diagnostic test to determine exposure to a particular infectious agent, such as the AIDS virus, by identifying antibodies present in a blood sample.

ELISA

[əlī′zə]
abbreviation for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, a technology used to measure a variety of proteins and antigens.
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. An immunoenzymatic assay used to measure antigens and antibodies which approaches the sensitivity of RIA
Pros Lower cost, simpler equipment, faster ‘turn-around time’, and none of the problems inherent in handling radioactive substances

ELISA

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Lab medicine A heterogeneous immunoenzymatic assay that approaches the sensitivity of RIA Pros Lower cost, simpler equipment, faster 'turn-around time', and none of the problems inherent in handling radioactive substances; ELISA may be used to measure any antigen and antibody. See Avidin-biotin method, EMIT, RIA, Sandwich method.

ELISA

Abbreviation for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

ELISA

see ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY.

ELISA

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This test has been used a screening test for AIDS for many years and has also been used to detect gonorrhea bacteria.
Mentioned in: Gonorrhea

ELISA,

ELISA,

n the abbreviation for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay used to detect the presence of HIV antibody to HIV in the blood. See also EIA.

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A type of primary binding test used to detect and measure either antigen or antibody. Either antigen or antibody is bound to a solid substrate (polystyrene surface), and a second antibody to which enzyme is conjugated is added, followed by a substrate for the enzyme.
References in periodicals archive ?
After submission of our paper, we became aware of another report describing an ELISA assay from USCN Life Sciences, designed to quantify soluble hemojuvelin in humans, as well as another similar kit for mouse hemojuvelin.
The methodology for these ELISA assays has been standardized in a workshop (28) and also has been reported in commercial presentations (2).
Specifically, serum sample #37, which tested positive in the ELISA assay, was diluted up to 10 000 times with HCV-negative serum.
During the development of our ELISA assay, we found that the highest signal was obtained in a solution containing 2 mmol/L calcium, with a polyclonal goat antihuman Gas6 antibody for the capture antibody and a biotinylated polyclonal goat antihuman Gas6 antibody for the detection antibody, visualized via an avidin-coupled enzymatic reaction.
About Mercodia AB Mercodia AB is a Swedish biotech company focusing on the development of highly reproducible and specific ELISA assays within the field of metabolic disorders.
The mean (SD) activity of the hrTK1 preparation was determined by the TK ELISA assay to be 2100 (270) nmol x mg-1 x [-min.
Of the 17 samples for which ATI were detected by PROMETHEUS Anser IFX and missed by ELISA, 14 had detectable IFX levels that were likely missed due to interference from serum IFX, a common shortcoming of the solid phase ELISA assay and further support for the use of the new liquid test.
Chief Scientific Officer at OncoHealth, and other researchers presented data showing that a high-throughput ELISA assay using OncoHealth's technology detected HPV E6 oncoprotein expression levels that were correlated statistically with cervical disease and cancer.
The requesting clinician received the result of only the ELISA assay during the patient evaluation, and not the microlatex assay result.
OTCBB:NNBP) ("Nanobac" or "the Company") announces that its proprietary CE marked Nano-Capture ELISA assay and Nano-Sero IgG ELISA assay currently manufactured by the Company's subsidiary in Kuopio, Finland, will be made in the United States for use in clinical trials, FDA approval and expanded distribution.
Each serum sample investigated for its reactivity against the panel of arrayed allergens was also analyzed with a commercial ELISA assay (Radim S.
mtm laboratories is in the process of developing and clinically validating the cell-based CINtec([R]) Assays as well as the biochemical Cervatec[R] ELISA Assay.