Duvenhage virus


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Duvenhage virus

(dū-ven'neg'ĕ),
a species of Lyssavirus causing a rabieslike disease in humans in Africa; transmitted by the bite of insectivorous bats.
[the virus was named after its first victim, a man infected near Pretoria in South Africa]

Du·ven·hage vi·rus

(dū-ven-ă'gĕ vī'rŭs)
A species of Lyssavirus causing a rabieslike disease in humans in Africa; transmitted by the bite of insectivorous bats.
[The virus was named after its first victim, a man infected near Pretoria in South Africa]

Duvenhage virus

a rabies-like virus isolated from fruit-eating bats in which it causes a disease similar to rabies.
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There are 14 recognized species in the genus Lyssavirus: rabies virus (RABV), Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus (MOKV), Duvenhage virus, European bat lyssavirus types 1 and 2, Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV), Aravan virus (ARAV), Khujand virus, Irkut virus, Shimoni bat virus, Bokeloh bat lyssavirus, West Caucasian bat virus, and Ikoma lyssavirus (IKOV) (1).
Dentro del genero Lyssavirus, se incluyen 14 genotipos que son: Aravan virus, Australian bat lyssavirus, Bokeloh bat lyssavirus, Duvenhage virus, European bat lyssavirus, Ikoma lyssavirus, Irkut virus, Khujand virus, Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus, Rabies virus, Shimonibat virus, West Caucasian bat virus (4).
O genero Lyssavirus inclui 11 especies conhecidas (Tabela 1), e 11 genotipos identificados ate o momento, consistindo no virus classico da raiva (RABV, genotipo 1), Lagos bat virus (LBV, genotipo 2), Mokola virus (MOKV, genotipo 3), Duvenhage virus (DUVV, genotipo 4), European bat lyssavirus (EBLV-1, genotipo 5), European bat lyssavirus (EBLV-2, genotipo 6), e Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV, genotipo 7).
Until the AAHL researchers conducted their test, the classic rabies virus was thought to have just four close relatives: Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus, Duvenhage virus, and European bat virus.
A total of 789 bat serum samples were of sufficient quality and quantity to be screened for neutralizing antibodies against rabies virus (RABV) strain CVS-11, European bat lyssavirus-1 (EBLV-1), and Duvenhage virus (DUVV).
Eleven Lyssavirus species have been classified: Rabies virus (RABV), Lagos bat virus (LBV), Mokola virus (MOKV), Duvenhage virus (DUVV), European bat lyssavirus types -1 and -2, Australian bat lyssavirus, Aravan virus, Khujand virus, Irkut virus, and West Caucasian bat virus (WCBV) (1).
The genus Lyssavirus within the family Rhabdoviridae contains 11 viruses: rabies virus (RABV), Lagos bat virus, Mokola virus, Duvenhage virus, European bat lyssaviruses types 1 and 2 (EBLV-1 and EBLV-2), Australian bat lyssavirus, Aravan virus (ARAV), Khujand virus (KHUV), Irkut virus, and West Caucasian bat virus (2).
org) to combine the obtained sequences and other available EBLV-1 sequences from GenBank, including a Duvenhage virus used as the outgroup (online Appendix Table, www.
Presently, 7 species are recognized within the genus Lyssavirus (order Mononegavirales, family Rhabdoviridae): Rabies virus (RABV), Lagos bat virus (LBV), Mokola virus (MOKV), Duvenhage virus (DUVV), European bat lyssavirus, types 1 and 2, and Australian bat lyssavirus.
Apart from MOKV, the genus Lyssavirus consists of 6 gts: classic rabies virus (gt1), Lagos bat virus (gt2), Duvenhage virus (gt4), European bat lyssavirus type 1 (gt5) and type 2 (gt6), and Australian bat lyssavirus (gt7).
Lagos bat virus genotype 2 or Duvenhage virus genotype 4), we performed a phylogenetic analysis.
Lagos bat virus (LBV) (gt2), Mokola virus (gt3), and Duvenhage virus (gt4) have been found only in Africa.