Drinker respirator


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respirator

 [res´pĭ-ra″tor]
1. an apparatus that qualifies air breathed through it, to be distinguished from a ventilator.
2. frequently used misnomer for ventilator (def. 2).
Drinker respirator a formerly common but now rarely used type of ventilator that provides controlled, automatic breathing for a patient whose respiratory muscles are paralyzed; it consists of a metal tank, enclosing the patient's body with the head outside, within which artificial respiration is maintained by alternating negative and positive pressure. It was instrumental in the treatment of the poliomyelitis epidemic of the early decades of the 20th century. Popularly known as iron lung.

Drin·ker res·pi·ra·tor

(drink'ĕr),
a mechanical respirator in which the body (except the head) is encased within a metal tank, which is sealed at the neck with an airtight gasket; artificial respiration is induced by making the air pressure inside negative.

Drinker respirator

Etymology: Philip Drinker, American engineer, 1894-1972
an airtight respirator consisting of a metal tank that encloses the entire body, except the head. Used for long-term therapy, it alternates positive and negative air pressure within the tank, providing artificial respiration by contracting and expanding the walls of the chest. Also called artificial lung, iron lung.

Drin·ker res·pi·ra·tor

(dringk'ĕr res'pir-ā'tŏr)
A mechanical ventilator in which the body except the head is encased within a metal tank, which is sealed at the neck with an airtight gasket; artificial ventilation is induced by making the air pressure inside the tank alternately negative and positive.
Synonym(s): iron lung.

Drinker,

Philip, U.S. industrial hygienist, 1894-1972.
Drinker respirator - a mechanical respirator in which the body below the head is encased within a metal tank, which is sealed at the neck with an airtight gasket. Synonym(s): iron lung; tank respirator