salve

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ointment

 [oint´ment]
a semisolid preparation for external application to the skin or mucous membranes. Official ointments consist of medicinal substances incorporated in suitable vehicles (bases). Called also salve and unguent.

oint·ment

(oynt'ment),
A semisolid preparation usually containing medicinal substances and intended for external application. Ointment bases used as vehicles fall into four general classes: 1) hydrocarbon bases (oleaginous ointment bases) keep medicaments in prolonged contact with the skin, act as occlusive dressings, and are used chiefly for emollient effects; 2) absorption bases either permit the incorporation of aqueous solutions with the formation of a water-in-oil emulsion or are water-in-oil emulsions that permit the incorporation of additional quantities of aqueous solutions; such bases permit better absorption of some medicaments and are useful as emollients; 3) water-removable bases (creams) are oil-in-water emulsions containing petrolatum, anhydrous lanolin, or waxes; they may be washed from the skin with water and are thus more acceptable for cosmetic reasons; they favor absorption of serous discharges in dermatologic conditions; and 4) water-soluble bases (greaseless ointment bases) contain only water-soluble substances.
See also: cerate.
Synonym(s): salve, uncture, unguent
[O. Fr. oignement; L. unguo, pp. unctus, to smear]

salve

(sav) ointment.

salve

(săv, säv)
n.
An analgesic or medicinal ointment.
tr.v. salved, salving, salves
To soothe or heal with salve.

salve

See ointment.

oint·ment

(oynt'mĕnt)
A semisolid preparation usually containing medicinal substances and intended for external application.
Synonym(s): salve, unguent.
[O. Fr. oignement; L. unguo, pp. unctus, to smear]

salve

An ointment.

salve

ointment.