dual personality

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personality

 [per″sŭ-nal´ĭ-te]
the characteristic way that a person thinks, feels, and behaves; the relatively stable and predictable part of a person's thought and behavior; it includes conscious attitudes, values, and styles as well as unconscious conflicts and defense mechanisms. Personality traits are simple features of normal and abnormal personalities. Personality types are categories applicable to both normal and abnormal personalities; usually they belong to a coherent typology, such as introvert/extrovert or oral/anal/phallic.
Early Life and Personality. The newborn comes into the world completely dependent on others for satisfying individual basic human needs. Feelings of security in a relationship with the mother, or an adequate substitute, is the cornerstone of mental health in later years.

As children develop, they need to learn and to meet the day-to-day problems of life, and to master them. In resolving these challenges, one chooses solutions from many possibilities. Psychologists have studied how these choices are made and use technical terms to describe them, such as repression and sublimation. The behavior patterns chosen result in certain character traits which will influence a child's way of meeting the world—whether the child will lead or follow, be conscientious or reckless, imitate his or her parents or prefer to be as different from them as possible, or take a realistic, flexible path between these extremes. The sum total of these traits represents the personality.
The Well-Adjusted Personality. A well-adjusted individual is one who adapts to surroundings. If adaptation is not possible, the individual makes realistic efforts to change the situation, using personal talents and abilities constructively and successfully. The well-adjusted person is realistic and able to face facts whether they are pleasant or unpleasant, and deals with them instead of merely worrying about them or denying them. Well-adjusted mature persons are independent. They form reasoned opinions and then act on them. They seek a reasonable amount of information and advice before making a decision, and once the decision is made, they are willing to face the consequences of it. They do not try to force others to make decisions for them. An ability to love others is typical of the well-adjusted individual. In addition, the mature well adjusted person is also able to enjoy receiving love and affection and can accept a reasonable dependence on others.
alternating personality multiple personality disorder.
cyclothymic personality a temperament characterized by rapid, frequent swings between sad and cheerful moods; see also cyclothymic disorder.
personality disorders a group of mental disorders characterized by enduring, inflexible, and maladaptive personality traits that deviate markedly from cultural expectations, pervade a broad range of situations, and are either a source of subjective distress or a cause of significant impairment in social, occupational, or other functioning. In general, they are difficult both to diagnose and to treat.

Although individuals with a personality disorder can function in day-to-day life, they are hampered both emotionally and psychologically by the maladaptive nature of their disorder, and their chances of forming good relationships and fulfilling their potentialities are poor. In spite of their problems, these patients refuse to acknowledge that anything is wrong and insist that it is the rest of the world that is out of step. Very often their behavior is extremely annoying to those around them.

Personality disorders result from unresolved conflicts, often dating back to childhood. To alleviate the anxiety and depression that accompany these conflicts, the ego uses defense mechanisms. Although defense mechanisms are not pathological in themselves, they become maladaptive in individuals with personality disorders.

The category includes: antisocial personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, dependent personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, and schizotypal personality disorder. Distinguishing one disorder from another can be difficult because the various traits can occur in more than one disorder. For example, patients with borderline personality disorder and those with narcissistic personality disorder both may have a tendency to angry outbursts and may be hindered in forming interpersonal relationships because they often exploit, idealize, or devalue others. The symptoms of a personality disorder may also occur as features of another mental disorder. More than one personality disorder can exist in the same person.

Because patients refuse to admit that there is anything wrong, personality disorders are more difficult to treat than other mental disorders. However, a great deal can be done in many cases, if the therapist can break through a patient's defense mechanisms and help the patient resolve the underlying conflict.
double personality (dual personality) dissociative identity disorder.
hysterical personality former name for histrionic personality disorder.
multiple personality a dissociative disorder in which an individual adopts two or more personalities alternately. See multiple personality disorder.
split personality an obsolete term formerly used colloquially to refer to either schizophrenia or dissociative identity disorder.

du·al per·son·al·i·ty

a mental disturbance in which a person assumes alternately two different identities without either personality being consciously aware of the other.
See also: multiple personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder.

dual personality

du·al per·son·al·i·ty

(dū'ăl pĕr'sŏn-al'i-tē)
A form of mental disturbance in which someone assumes alternately two different identities; neither is conscious of the existence of the other.
Synonym(s): double personality.
References in classic literature ?
Are you unable to imagine this double consciousness at work within me, flowing on like two parallel streams which never mingle their waters and blend into a common hue?
Airhihenbuwa uses examples from African and African-American communities, explaining the cultural politics of identity and analyzing the impetus to think locally and act globally, language, ethics, the politics of professionalism, and the double consciousness associated with ethnicity and race.
In the fifteen years since Paul Gilroy published The Black Atlantic: Moderniy, and Double Consciousness (Harvard up, 1993), the map of Afro-diasporic cultural studies has been radically reconfigured, as scholars have shifted their attention from national roots to transatlantic routes.
DuBois' ideas about double consciousness and veils, as well as James Scott's description of "weapons of the weak," and elaborate on their relevance in the context of civil society.
Du Bois theorized the concept of double consciousness to describe the African American's sense of selfhood.
Fuller's reading strategy, her double consciousness, her sense
She also identifies a set of common subjects of interest--political and social unrest, the double consciousness of belonging in a dominant tradition as well as one's own culture, the foregrounding of the process of telling through dialogue.
For a quite similar take on the role of black musics -- and the affective structures they codify and communally reproduce -- see Paul Gliroy's There Ain't No Black in the Union Jack: The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation and The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness.
James Campbell's Paris Interzone: Richard Wright, Lolita, Boris Vian and Others on the Left Bank 1946-1960 and Paul Gilroy's The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness come from different sectors of a fragmented critical world.
15) Horton believes these divisions were mainly a result of "economic and social pressures from outside [the black communities], complicated by racial prejudice" but also owing to internally generated strife over gender issues, tensions inhering from the pull of the unique double consciousness of a developing racial and national identity many blacks were experiencing and grappling with for the first time, and disagreement among African Americans over strategic political direction.
Johnson's discussion of this doubleness is the heart of his book, for it is in this double consciousness that he seems to see his own kinship with Thoreau.