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(dō′mäk′), Gerhard 1895-1964.
German biochemist. He won a 1939 Nobel Prize for his work on the antibacterial effect of sulfa drugs but declined the award at the instruction of the German government.
References in periodicals archive ?
Before the 1930s were done, Gerhard Domagk, who discovered the first sulfonamide antibiotic, would be recognized with a Nobel, beating Fleming by six years.
It tells how Gerhard Domagk, a young German physician during WW I, saw the deaths of thousands of wounded soldiers from gas gangrene and other infections that invaded what would have otherwise been non-fatal wounds.
In 1935, Gerhard Domagk reported that 'Prontosil' was curative against [beta]-haemolytic streptococci in animals and, subsequently, humans.
The medicine list included the following: Pasteur, 100; Hippocrates, 93; Koch, 90; Galen, 74; Paracelsus, 68; Ehrlich, 59; Laennec, 54; McCollum, 49; Fleming, 47; Pare, 46; Behring, 44; Lister, 43; Kitasato, 42; Sydenham, 40; Vesalius, 38; Domagk, 36; Carrel, 36; Freud, 34; Hunter, 34; and Semmelweiss, 34.
A self-described science geek, Tom Hager was thumbing through a copy of "Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology" when he came across an entry for a German physician named Gerhard Domagk.
Research Domagk saw hundreds of his fellow German soldiers die of infected wounds during the first world war, and worked for a solution for years before achieving a breakthrough which would lead his government to punish him.
Gerhard Domagk, whose major blunder, if indeed he committed one, was discovering it the year Hitler took over his native Germany.
Domagk was innovative in that he began to experiment with dyes, looking for their possible effects against various infections.
In 1935, the German chemist, Gerhard Domagk, discovered that an azo dye, Prontosil, cured streptococcal infections in mice.