peyote

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peyote

 [pa-o´te]
1. a Mexican cactus of the genus Lophophora.
2. a drug made from the flowering heads of this cactus, whose active principle is the hallucinogen mescaline; used by North American Indians in certain ceremonies to produce feelings of ecstasy.

pe·yo·te

, peyotl (pā-yō'tē, pā-yō'tĕl),
Aztec name for Lophophora williamsii, a small cactus indigenous to Mexico and the southwestern U.S. used in Native American tribal ceremonies, to induce trances and hallucinations; the principal active component of peyote is mescaline.
Synonym(s): pellote
[Sp.]

peyote

/pey·o·te/ (pa-ōt´e) a stimulant drug from mescal buttons, whose active principle is mescaline; used by North American Indians in certain ceremonies to produce an intoxication marked by feelings of ecstasy.

peyote

[pā·ō′tē]
Etymology: Aztec, peyotl
1 a cactus from which a hallucinogenic drug, mescaline, is derived.
2 See mescaline.
The trivial name for mushrooms of genus Psilocybe, which contain psychotropics, psilocybin, psilocin
Herbal medicine A North American cactus, with > 50 distinct alkaloids—mescaline is the most active—and best-known for its hallucinatory effects; it is integral to some Native American tribal rituals in the American southwest, but is otherwise illegal
Substance abuse The flowering heads—mescal buttons—are hallucinogenic Clinical features Minutes after ingestion, euphoria, hallucinations, tachycardia, mydriasis, rarely fever, seizures

peyote

Trivial name for mushrooms of genus Psilocybe, which contain psychotropics, psilocybin, psilocin Substance abuse The flowering heads–mescal buttons–are hallucinogenic Clinical Minutes after ingestion, euphoria, hallucinations, tachycardia, mydriasis, rarely fever, seizures. See Mescaline.

pe·yo·te

, peyotel (P) (pā-yō'tē, pā-yō'tĕl)
Aztec name for Lophophora williamsii, a small cactus indigenous to Mexico and the southwestern U.S., used in Native American tribal ceremonies to induce trances and hallucinations.
Synonym(s): pellote.
[Sp.]

peyote

A Mexican cactus of the species Lophophora williamsii from the flowering heads of which the hallucinogenic drug mescaline is prepared.

peyote (pā·yō·tē),

n Latin name:
Lophophora williamsii; parts used: whole cactus; uses: traditional uses include alcohol addiction, snakebite, arthritis, rheumatism, burns, heart conditions, and as a visionary adjunct to traditional religious practices, antimicrobial, sedative; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, CNS stimulants, hallucinogenic, illegal in the U.S. (possible exception given to the Native American Church) and most of Europe. Also called
anhalonium, big chief, buttons, cactus, mesc, mescal, mescal buttons, mescaline, mexc, moon, pan peyote, or
peyote button.

peyote

a stimulant drug from mescal buttons, the flowering heads of the cactus Lophophora williamsii, whose active principle is mescaline; used by North American Indians in certain ceremonies to produce an intoxication marked by feelings of ecstasy. See also hallucinogen.