canine distemper

(redirected from Distemper virus, canine)
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Related to Distemper virus, canine: Canine parvovirus, Canine adenovirus

canine distemper

n.
An acute, often fatal infectious disease of domestic dogs, wild canids, and certain other animals, caused by a morbillivirus and characterized by fever, lethargy, vomiting, coughing, discharge from the eyes and nose, and often neurological symptoms.

canine distemper

A highly contagious viral infection which affects domesticated canines and wild carnivores, including ferrets, lions, dolphins and seals, and may cause epidemics associated with a high mortaility. It kills by inducing apoptosis and infects multiple species due to the mutability of a CDV protein involved in receptor recognition.

distemper

a name for several infectious diseases of animals.

avian distemper
canine distemper
an acute virus disease of dogs caused by a morbillivirus, and characterized by high morbidity and high mortality, ocular and nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing, dyspnea and seizures. In addition, some dogs develop 'hard pads' (hyperkeratosis of the footpads), persistent muscle twitches (chorea), optic neuritis and later retinal atrophy, enamel hypoplasia (distemper teeth—see below), or a chronic encephalitis. Interstitial pneumonia and demyelinating encephalomyelitis are common pathological features. Also occurs in other Canidae as well as Procyonidae, Ursidae, Mustelidae and Hyaenidae. The disease can be prevented by vaccination at a young age. Called also Carré's disease.
equine distemper
feline distemper
see feline panleukopenia.
phocine distemper
a disease first observed in European harbor seals in 1988 caused by a morbillivirus; clinical signs are similar to those of distemper.
distemper teeth
the pitted, discolored teeth that may result when young dogs are infected with distemper virus prior to the eruption of their permanent teeth. Other insults to enamel formation at this age may also be responsible for this defect.
Enlarge picture
Distemper teeth.