disease surveillance

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disease surveillance

In epidemiology and public health, the identification of index patients and their contacts; the detection of outbreaks and epidemics; the determination of the incidence and demographics of an illness; and the policy making that may prevent further spreading of a disease.
See also: surveillance
References in periodicals archive ?
Volume of notifiable disease reporting may double with required electronic lab reporting.
We find overwhelming evidence among environmental health practitioners that One Health disease reporting concepts are essential to the early detection of, and expedient recovery from, pandemic disease events.
Like all US states, North Carolina has state laws and regulations mandating communicable disease reporting (2-4).
The new e-notification system which can be accessed from any healthcare facility, is a must use tool for infectious disease reporting at all healthcare service providers.
A diabetes disease registry and an automated disease reporting system are significantly increasing diabetes candidate identification for a Santa Cruz RHIO, as well as lowering response times to public health issues via a greater Cincinnati area RHIO.
The resulting statistical model makes only the most limited number of assumptions surrounding the emergence of a disease, while attempting to compensate for naturally occurring temporal and geographical variations in disease reporting.
The funds will be used to upgrade infectious disease surveillance and investigation, enhance the readiness of hospitals and the health care system to deal with large numbers of casualties, expand public health laboratory and communications capacities and improve connectivity between hospitals, and city, local and state health departments to enhance disease reporting.
In addition, state public health departments and CDC are implementing an initiative designed to make electronic disease reporting more timely, accurate, and complete.
Disease reporting procedures should be understood by all appropriate hospital staff and included as part of the pandemic plan.
livestock, including concentrated farming practices, susceptibility to disease, inadequate security and surveillance, passive disease reporting, and insufficient veterinarian training.
More specifically, PA-NEDSS improves the timeliness and accuracy of disease reporting and expands the public healthcare infrastructure to speed response to possible bioterrorism attacks.
We assessed the surveillance and reporting needs of a small but diverse group of Michigan veterinarians by examining their perspective of the current animal disease reporting system, the system enhancements desired, and their computer and Internet accessibility.