disaccharide

(redirected from Disaccharides)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

disaccharide

 [di-sak´ah-rid, di-sak´ah-rīd]
any of a class of sugars each molecule of which yields two molecules of monosaccharide on hydrolysis.

di·sac·cha·ride

(dī-sak'ă-rīd),
A condensation product of two monosaccharides by elimination of water (usually between an alcoholic OH and a hemiacetal OH), for example, sucrose, lactose, maltose.

disaccharide

/di·sac·cha·ride/ (di-sak´ah-rīd) any of a class of sugars yielding two monosaccharides on hydrolysis.

disaccharide

(dī-săk′ə-rīd′)
n.
Any of a class of sugars, including lactose and sucrose, that are composed of two monosaccharides.

disaccharide

[dīsak′ərīd]
Etymology: Gk, di, sakcharon, sugar
a general term for simple carbohydrates formed by the union of two monosaccharide molecules.

di·sac·cha·ride

(dī-sak'ă-rīd)
A condensation product of two monosaccharides by elimination of water.

disaccharide

One of the class of common sugars, including milk sugar (lactose) and cane sugar (sucrose), that can be broken down by hydrolysis, under the action of enzymes, to yield two monosaccharides.
Disaccharideclick for a larger image
Fig. 134 Disaccharide . Molecular structure.

disaccharide

a ‘double’ sugar, such as MALTOSE, LACTOSE or SUCROSE, with the general formula C12H22O11, synthesized by a condensation reaction joining together two MONOSACCHARIDE sugars.

di·sac·cha·ride

(dī-sak'ă-rīd)
A condensation product of two monosaccharides by elimination of water.

disaccharide

(dīsak´ərīd),
n a general term for simple carbohydrates (sugars) formed by the union of two monosaccharide molecules. Sucrose is the most common disaccharide sugar.

disaccharide

any of a class of sugars each molecule of which yields two molecules of monosaccharide on hydrolysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Determination of monosaccharides and disaccharides in mucopolysaccharidoses patients by electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry.
Bianco, "Determination of Mono--and Disaccharides in Milk Products by High-Performance Anion-Exchange Chromatography with Pulsed Amperometric Detection," Anal.
Topoisomerase poisoning activity of novel disaccharide anthracyclines.
In addition to protecting liposomes, trehalose and other disaccharides have been found to protect proteins, especially enzymes, from dehydration, which can cause these molecules to unfold or fall apart.
Eliminating these poly- and disaccharides is helpful in SIBO because these carbohydrates which normally feed the host--also feed the increased numbers of microflora in the small intestine (Figure 2).
Indigestible disaccharides open tight junctions and enhance net calcium, magnesium, and zinc absorption in isolated rat small and large intestinal epithelium.
Free sugars, according to the WHO definition, are monosaccharides and disaccharides that are added to foods, plus sugars naturally present in honey, syrups and unsweetened fruit juices.
Patients were then randomized to receive either 21 days' worth of a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs), meaning less than or equal to 5 g per sitting of these ingredients, or food representing a typical Australian diet.
Their patented microfluidic microchip technology, referred to as Lab-on-a-Chip, puts the functionality of HPLC pumps, valves, injection loops, detectors, and columns onto a simple replaceable microchip to separate and individually measure sugars such as monosaccharides (glucose, fructose and galactose) and disaccharides (sucrose, lactose and maltose).
alpha]-Amylase catalyses the hydrolysis of [alpha] -1,4-glucosidic linkages of starch, glycogen and various oligosaccharides and [alpha]-glucosidase further breaks down the disaccharides into simpler sugars, readily available for the intestinal absorption.
It has been shown that hyaluronidase, an enzyme that cleaves internally to HA polymers, requires three disaccharides for effective binding to the polysaccharide.
It had been assumed that an important role was played by disaccharides.