disability-adjusted life years


Also found in: Wikipedia.

disability-adjusted life years (DALYs),

a measure of the burden of disease on a defined population, usually that of an entire nation, based on adjustment of life expectancy that allows for long-term disability as estimated from official national statistics; DALYs have been extensively used by the World Health Organization to arrive at rankings of nations according to average national levels of health.
[Developed c.1990 by C.L. Murray and A. Lopez for the Harvard University/WHO Global Burden of Disease study.]

dis·a·bil·i·ty-ad·just·ed life years

(DALYs) (dis'ă-bil'i-tē ă-jŭs'tĕd līf yērz)
A measure of the burden of disease on a defined population, based on adjustment of life expectancy to allow for long-term disability as estimated from official statistics.
See also: global burden of disease
[Developed c.1990 by C.L. Murray and A. Lopez for the Harvard University/WHO Global Burden of Disease study.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Two main different generic paradigms have been proposed for setting healthcare priorities: quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) based on the effect of interventions, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) based on the burden of disease in a population.
Projections of the global burden of disease place depression as the leading cause of disability-adjusted life years by 2030 and mental and substance use disorders are currently the leading cause of disability worldwide, Senator Khwaja informed.
Epidemiologic measures of the burden of CKD attributable to air pollution including years living with disability (meaning years living with kidney disease), years of life lost (meaning early death attributable to kidney disease), and disability-adjusted life years (a measure that combines the burden of living with the disease and the early death caused by the disease) suggest that the burden varies greatly by geography, with higher values seen in Central America and South Asia.
The condition - excess fat in the blood, which increases the risk of heart disease - was among the leading causes of death and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Saudi Arabia in 2015, according to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
The burden of diabetes in each country - measured in disability-adjusted life years - is forecast to rise dramatically by 2030 in spite of improvements to healthcare and the introduction of more comprehensive health insurances schemes.
Among the leading causes of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 1990, neonatal pre-term births showed the largest decrease, falling 80.
When estimating the global disability burden, or when comparing the impact of leprosy with that of other neglected tropical diseases or of non-communicable diseases, using Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), one should look at cumulative disability prevalence not only at the 'rate of disability Grade 2 in newly diagnosed leprosy cases per 100,000 population' (WHO indicator).
The market is mainly driven by the rising prevalence of chronic diseases and related increase in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), technological advancements in medical devices, and growing aging population.
Objective: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) cause over 4 million deaths in Europe each year and mass disability: within the coming decades the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) estimate is expected to rise from a loss of 85 million DALYs in 1990 to a loss of 150 million DALYs globally in 2020.
The main outcome measures included the health care costs of pneumococcal disease for 20 birth cohorts, the disease burden and health care system costs averted by vaccination, and the ICER (the cost of the PCV in US$ divided by disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) averted and US$ per life saved or death averted).
Stroke is the second leading cause of death in persons aged greater than 60 years and the third leading cause of disability-adjusted life years (years of life lost because of disability or early death) worldwide (2,3).
The study is titled the aACAyGlobal, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition'.

Full browser ?