disability-adjusted life years

(redirected from Disability Adjusted Life Year)

disability-adjusted life years (DALYs),

a measure of the burden of disease on a defined population, usually that of an entire nation, based on adjustment of life expectancy that allows for long-term disability as estimated from official national statistics; DALYs have been extensively used by the World Health Organization to arrive at rankings of nations according to average national levels of health.
[Developed c.1990 by C.L. Murray and A. Lopez for the Harvard University/WHO Global Burden of Disease study.]

dis·a·bil·i·ty-ad·just·ed life years

(DALYs) (dis'ă-bil'i-tē ă-jŭs'tĕd līf yērz)
A measure of the burden of disease on a defined population, based on adjustment of life expectancy to allow for long-term disability as estimated from official statistics.
See also: global burden of disease
[Developed c.1990 by C.L. Murray and A. Lopez for the Harvard University/WHO Global Burden of Disease study.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Measuring the quality of life: rethinking the World Bank's disability adjusted life year.
Calculating and presenting disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in cost-effectiveness analysis.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), around 16 million disability adjusted life years (DALYs, which is a measure of early death and the possible years of life lost because of disability) and 1.
About 70% of all adults experience nlbp at some point in their lives, And both conditions are among the top ten in terms of overall disease burden expressed as disability adjusted life years.
Globally, the disability adjusted life years (DALY) emerged as the prime measure of the chronic disease burden (15) and superseded the use of PYLL in chronic disease prevention.
On one hand, major depressive disorder (MDD) has a lifetime prevalence of 17-21%, and it is a leading cause of disability adjusted life years worldwide accordingly to The Global Burden of Disease study (1).
Objectives: To assess the economic burden of dengue infection by calculating cost per patient and disability adjusted life years lost.
Section II describes the methodology and the key parameter and other estimates needed to calculate Disability Adjusted Life Years.
The report also found that it was alcohol that caused 136,982 Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) in males and 51,556 DALYs in females during 2010.
The researchers said that in 2010 there were just short of 22 million disability adjusted life years (DALY) worldwide caused by workplace related low back pain, which amounted to more than a third of all DALYs linked to occupational risk factors.
Injuries also lead to 59,200 disability adjusted life years and cost the NHS PS1.
Mental and neurological disorders account for an estimated 12% of the total Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost due to all diseases and injuries, taking an enormous toll in terms of suffering, disability and economic loss.

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