Dirofilaria conjunctivae

Di·ro·fi·la·ri·a con·junc·ti·'vae

name assigned to filarial worms removed from tumors and abscesses in various sites in human cases, especially palpebral conjunctivae and other eye tissues, but also subcutaneous tissues from other sites; probably caused by a number of species of animal origin.


a genus of nematode parasites of the superfamily Filarioidea.

Dirofilaria acutiuscula
causes swelling in the subcutaneous fascia of the dorsolumbar area of the peccary.
Dirofilaria conjunctivae
a zoonotic infection on the eyelids of humans, due to infestation of wildlife.
Dirofilaria corynodes
occurs in monkeys.
Dirofilaria immitis
occurs in dog, cat, fox and wolf and has been recorded in humans and many other species. Transmitted by the intermediate hosts, Culex, Aedes, Anopheles and other mosquito genera. Found in the blood vessels, especially the heart and the pulmonary artery. Cause heartworm disease.
Dirofilaria repens
occurs in the subcutaneous tissues of the dog and cat, and occasionally humans.
Dirofilaria roemeri
Dirofilaria striata
found in the bobcat.
Dirofilaria tenuis
found in subcutaneous tissues of raccoons and humans.
Dirofilaria ursi
occurs in black bears.
References in periodicals archive ?
An unusual case of Dirofilaria conjunctivae infection suspected to be malignancy of the spermatic cord.