Non-enzymatic glycosylation of the dipeptide
L-carnosine, a potential anti-protein-cross-linking agent.
The team went on to systematically look at all of the proteins and other small molecules (the interactome) that these highly toxic dipeptide
repeat proteins interacted with in human cells.
Cardioprotective effect of histidine-containing dipeptides
in pharmacological cold cardioplegia," Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol.
Effects of supplementation with free glutamine and the dipeptide
alanyl- glutamine on parameters of muscle damage and inflammation in rats submitted to prolonged exercise.
Role of pH gradient and membrane potential in dipeptide
transport in intestinal and renal brush-border membrane vesicles from the rabbit.
First, isolated and characterized in 1900 by Gulewitsch, carnosine ([beta]-alanyl-L-hystidine) is a dipeptide
, which commonly presents in mammalian tissue, and in particular, in skeletal muscle cells; it is responsible for a variety of activities related to the detoxification of the body from free radical species and the byproducts of membrane lipids peroxidation, but recent studies have shown that this small molecule also has membrane protecting activity, proton buffering capacity, formation of complexes with transition metals, and regulation of macrophage function (6).
The cathepsin C gene encodes a cysteine-lysosomal protease also known as dipeptidyl-peptidase /, which functions to remove dipeptides
from the amino terminus of the protein substrate.
It contains amino acids, vitamin C, sea fennel, antioxidants, lavender extract, rice extract, tetrapeptides 7, dipeptides
, pro vitamin B5 and beta-glucan.
Some areas studied include the use of antioxidants in therapy against leukemia, recovery of phenolics from wine-making byproducts, histidine-containing dipeptides
as hydrophilic tissue antioxidants, and determination of antioxidant content of certain popular prophylactic and treatment preparations produced by a Russian company.
Some of the most recognized Ehrlich's followers were Edgar Lederer (1908-1988) from CNRS in France, creator of <<magic bullets>> consisting of muramyl dipeptides
that stimulated the immune response against viruses, bacteria, protozoan parasites, as well as against antigens tumors.
Potassium bindings to dipeptides
and corresponding structures were determined theoretically by Wong et al.
also resulted in differences in growth patterns between the flhD and fliA mutants and the wild type Yersinia.