Dioctophyma renale

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Di·oc·to·phy·ma re·na·'le

a large blood-red nematode found in the pelvis of the kidney and the peritoneal cavity of the dog; fairly common in wild carnivores like the mink, but rarely found in humans; the life cycle is through leeches ectoparasitic on crayfish, which are then eaten by various fish and finally by humans or any of a number of other fish-eating mammalian hosts.
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Birago erroneously identified the worms as a larval stage of another parasite, Dioctophyme renale.
First case report of Dioctophyme renale (Goeze, 1782) in a dog in Istanbul, Turkey.