interstitial lung disease

(redirected from Diffuse interstitial fibrosis)
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interstitial lung disease (ILD)

a respiratory disorder characterized by a dry, unproductive cough and dyspnea on exertion. The patient may have swallowing disorders or joint and muscle pain and a history of industrial exposure to inorganic dusts, such as asbestos or silica. X-ray films usually show fibrotic infiltrates in the lung tissue, usually in the lower lobes. The fibrosing or scarring of lung tissue is often the result of an immune reaction to an inhaled substance. However, interstitial lung disease may result from viral, bacterial, or other infections; uremic pneumonitis; cancer; a congenital or inherited disorder; or circulatory impairment. The condition may be self-limiting, progress to respiratory or cardiac failure, or undergo spontaneous recovery.

interstitial lung disease

Diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis Pulmonology A group of disorders characterized by scarring of deep lung tissue, leading to SOB and loss of functional alveoli, limiting O2 exchange; ILD is more common in smokers Etiology Inorganic and organic dusts, gases, fumes, vapors, medications, radiation, and certain lung infections, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, coal worker's pneumoconiosis, silicosis, byssinosis, idiopathic

Interstitial lung disease

About 180 diseases fall into this category of breathing disorders. Injury or foreign substances in the lungs (such as asbestos fibers) as well as infections, cancers, or inherited disorders may cause the diseases. They can lead to breathing or heart failure.
Mentioned in: Chest X Ray
References in periodicals archive ?
However in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, usually diffuse interstitial fibrosis is observed and since it is hard to find a nonfibrotic reference point in myocardium at a diffuse fibrosis back-ground the implementation of delayed enhancement CMR is limited (7).
3,4) The 1997 Helsinki criteria incorporated these findings into more evidence-based criteria for the diagnosis of asbestosis, requiring (1) diffuse interstitial fibrosis and (2) 2 or more asbestos bodies within a section area of 1 [cm.
Age, y Diagnosis 1 75 Pulmonary fibrosis, lung carcinoma, status post radiation therapy 2 59 Diffuse interstitial fibrosis 3 ND Diffuse interstitial fibrosis Patient Smoking Pleural Fibrosis No.
The lesions include macules, nodules, diffuse interstitial fibrosis, and progressive massive fibrosis.
Although the essential requirement for asbestosis is the presence of diffuse interstitial fibrosis in association with asbestos bodies, several outstanding issues exist and these problems still bedevil discussions on this topic.
30) The criteria required diffuse interstitial fibrosis and either 2 or more asbestos bodies within a section area of 1 [cm.
82,83) The second issue, as mentioned above, is whether the disorder represents coincidental idiopathic diffuse interstitial fibrosis (67) or interstitial disease related to some identifiable factor other than asbestos, and in this latter circumstance, a probabilistic diagnosis of asbestosis becomes, in part, one of exclusion.
Honma and Chiyotani (1993) described diffuse interstitial fibrosis (DIF) among workers with a variety of occupations (rock driller, stone mason, metal miner, tunneler, construction worker).
Diffuse interstitial fibrosis in non-asbestos pneumoconiosis-a pathological study, Respiration 60:120-126.

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