were observed for all dicarboxylic acids
that were evaluated, including MMA, SA, malonic, 2-hydroxyglutaric, adipic, ethylmalonic (EMA), dimethylmalonic (DiMMA), suberic, sebacic, and dodecanedioic acids.
Aromatic dicarboxylic acids
and aliphatic acids with less than eight carbon atoms yield nonmelting dicarboxylates.
Ketonuria (3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate) is often accompanied by 3-hydroxyisobutyrate, 3-hydroxyisovalerate, 2-hydroxybutyrate, and dicarboxylic acids
, particularly their 3-hydroxy derivatives with chain lengths up to C14.
In addition, hydroxy fatty acids and dicarboxylic acid
acylcarnitines are detected (43).
In our laboratory, the dicarboxylic acid
, N,N'-bis(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4'-oxydiphthalimide was prepared from the flexible ether group-containing ODPA and the symmetrical p-ABA.
m] values of this class of polymers include the following: copolymerization of different sizes of mesogenic (LC forming) monomers to lower the symmetry of the polyester primary structure; the introduction of substituents of various sizes on either the aromatic dicarboxylic acid
, the aromatic diol or both moieties to disrupt lateral packing; the introduction of noncoplanar 2,2'-substituted-4,4'-biphenols and 2,2'-substituted-4,4'-biphenylenedicarboxylic acids, and other structurally similar monomers to cause a reduction of inter-chain interactions; the introduction of kinked or bent (nonlinear) monomers to lower the persistence length of the polyester in the LC phase and to disrupt lateral interactions in the solid state (6-12).
Furthermore, the dicarboxylic acid
isomer succinic acid, a potentially interfering factor, eluted earlier in the chromatogram at 3.
com adds "2014 Deep Research Report on Global and China Benzoic Acid Industry" and "2014 Deep Research Report on Global and China Long Chain Dicarboxylic Acids
Industry" reports to its research database.
The powder coating composition comprises a polyester resin comprising an acid structural block selected from the group consisting of aromatic dicarboxylic acids
, aromatic dicarboxylic acid
anhydrides, and aromatic dicarboxylic acid
esters, and a polyfunctional low molecular weight epoxide crosslinking agent.
Azelaic acids have superior solubility in solvents and water than other commercially available even-chain carbon (C4 - C12) dicarboxylic acids
, which is a highly desired property in the formulation of high solids or solvent free systems.
1) preparation of the alkyd from dicarboxylic acids
, polyols, and fatty acids;
Fumarate, malate and other dicarboxylic acids
promote lactate utilization of S.