desmosine


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des·mo·sine

(des'mō-sēn),
A cross-linking amino acid formed from lysyl residues found in elastin.
[G. desmos, bond, fr. deō, to bind, + -ine]

desmosine

special amino acid, derived from four lysine residues, and found only in elastin. Allows elastin to stretch reversibly in all directions.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Higher urine desmosine levels are associated with mortality in patients with acute lung injury.
The primary composition of this matrix is a natural ratio of complex proteins including glycosaminoglycans, collagen, elastin, desmosine, isodesmosine and transforming growth factor.
A metallo-protease was isolated from skin fibroblasts and was shown to be capable of attacking the constituents of elastic fibers, mainly the microfibrillar glycoproteins and also the desmosine cross linked elastin in vivo.
The enzyme, which needs copper as a co-factor, deaminates four molecules of lysine and cross-links them to form desmosine, which is further cross-linked to form elastin.
DES MOINES Iowa DEMONISES (OSPD, OED demonize 1821q), DESMOSINE (medical), DIMESONES (pl of dimesone, Stedman), MESIODENS (Stedman), MODINESSE (OED moodiness 1175q).
Urinary desmosine excretion in smokers with and without rapid decline of lung function.
Desmosine radioimmunoassay as a means of studying elastogenesis in cell culture.
Nevertheless, similar trends have been observed by other groups who evaluated elastin degradation by determining glycosaminoglycans and desmosines in the urine and plasma of PXE patients and close family members (30, 31).