gastroparesis

(redirected from Delayed Gastric Emptying)
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Related to Delayed Gastric Emptying: Bezoars

gastroparesis

 [gas″tro-pah-re´sis]
paralysis of the stomach; called also gastroparalysis and gastroplegia.

gas·tro·pa·re·sis

(gas'trō-pă-rē'sis, -par'ĕ-sis),
Weakness of gastric peristalsis, which results in delayed emptying of the bowels.
[gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]

gastroparesis

/gas·tro·pa·re·sis/ (gas″tro-pah-re´sis) paralysis of the stomach.

gastroparesis

(găs′trō-pə-rē′sĭs, -păr′ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. gastropare·ses (-sēz′)
A disorder characterized by delayed movement of food from the stomach into the small intestine because of impaired stomach motility, resulting in nausea, vomiting, and a feeling of fullness.

gastroparesis

[-pərē′sis]
1 paralysis of the stomach.
2 failure of the stomach to empty caused by decreased gastric motility. The major causes are various kinds of abdominal inflammation, scleroderma, diabetic autonomic neuropathy, vagotomy, and use of anticholinergic medications.

gastroparesis

Partial paralysis of gastric smooth muscle, resulting in retention of food.

Aetiology
Autonomic neuropathy due to diabetes, gastric surgery, vagal nerve damage, viral infections, medications (e.g., anticholinergics and narcotics), gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD/GORD), smooth muscle disease (amyloidosis, scleroderma), metabolic disease (e.g. hypothyroidism).

Clinical findings
Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, loss of appetite, gastric muscle spasms, variable glucose levels.

Diagnosis
Upper GI endoscopy, ultrasonography, radio contrast studies, gastric emptying scintigraphy, breath test, Smart Pill.

gas·tro·pa·re·sis

(gas'trō-păr-ē'sis)
A slight degree of gastroparalysis.
[gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]

Gastroparesis

Nerve damage of the stomach that delays or stops stomach emptying, resulting in nausea, vomiting, bloating, discomfort, and weight loss.
Mentioned in: Sildenafil Citrate

gas·tro·pa·re·sis

(gas'trō-păr-ē'sis)
Weakness of gastric peristalsis, resulting in delayed emptying of the bowels.
[gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]

Patient discussion about gastroparesis

Q. is anyone following a diet for gastroparesis? i developed a bezoar in the stomach, as a result of gastroparesis and it caused internal bleeding, was wondering of anyone else has or knows someone who has had a similar experience

A. brandon

well i had vegus nerve severed also many years ago (forty or so) never gave me trble till recently everything seems ok rite now, but i think it may br an ongoing thing

thanks

Q. I have just been diagnosed with gastroparesis. I'am looking for more info on treatment and experiences...

A. In most cases, treatment does not cure gastroparesis—it is usually a chronic condition. Treatment helps you manage the condition so you can be as healthy and comfortable as possible..there are medications that helps like Metoclopramide (Reglan) that stimulates stomach muscle contractions to help emptying. and dietary changes (having 6 small meals instead of big three..) and there even clinical trials with Botulinum Toxin that might be helpful, but still in research.

More discussions about gastroparesis
References in periodicals archive ?
pylori helps relieve dyspepsia symptoms and improve delayed gastric emptying in patients with DGP.
Growth of S ventriculi takes place in the human stomach because of delayed gastric emptying from pathologic conditions such as diabetic gastroparesis, gastric surgeries, scarring, pyloric stenosis, (13) or an obstructing mass.
Erythromycin reduces delayed gastric emptying in critically ill trauma patients: a randomized, controlled trial, J Trauma Sep.
It has been shown in burns patients, however, that initiation of enteral feed as part of acute resuscitation measures within 6 hours of injury helps to prevent delayed gastric emptying.
They are contraindicated in those taking oral potassium supplements as absorption may be impaired in the setting of delayed gastric emptying.
Dogs with low-grade gastritis may also have delayed gastric emptying, and also diets high in fat or protein may also delay emptying.
These problems may, in part, be due to delayed gastric emptying in critically ill patients.
If a patient stays symptomatic despite adequate acid suppression, factors implicated in this include weakly acid reflux, duodenogastric/bile reflux, oesophageal hypersensitivity, concomitant functional bowel disease, psychological co-morbidities, delayed gastric emptying and eosinophilic oesophagitis.
Oral administration with DA-9701 not only significantly accelerated gastric emptying in normal rats but also restored the delayed gastric emptying caused by apomorphine and cisplatin up to almost normal levels.
The addition of cinnamon to the rice pudding significantly delayed gastric emptying and lowered the [after-meal] glucose response," wrote the researchers.
Janet Kelly's gastroenterologist prescribed Reglan (metoclopramide) to treat her delayed gastric emptying.

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