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The preparation of comestibles by heating. In meats, overcooking can result in the production of carcinogenic polycyclic amines; undercooking carries the risk of parasitic (e.g., Taenia solium, T saginatus) or bacterial (e.g., Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Salmonella spp) infections.


[L. coquere, to cook]
The process of heating foods to prepare them for eating. Cooking makes most foods more palatable and easier to chew, improves their digestibility (and sometimes their nutrient bioavailability), and destroys or inactivates harmful organisms, or toxins that may be present. Cooking releases the aromatic substances and extractives that contribute odors and taste to foods. These odors help to stimulate the appetite.


Not all toxic substances are inactivated by heat. Most microorganisms and parasites are destroyed in the ordinary process of cooking when the food is heated to internal temperatures of 160°F to 175°F. Pork must be cooked completely throughout to kill the encysted larvae of Trichinella.


Protein: Soluble proteins become coagulated. Soluble substances: These, including heat-labile vitamins, are often inactivated by boiling, and even mineral substances and starches, although insoluble to a certain extent, may be altered in this process. Starch: The starch granules swell and are changed from insoluble (raw) starch to soluble starch capable of being converted into sugar during digestion and of being assimilated in the system.

References in periodicals archive ?
If you're constantly using deep frying then that's not a good place to be, but if you want to get your mates around every now again for burger and chips, then it's ideal.
Breadcrumbs or batter are the most common things to coat food in before deep frying.
You can also apply the same technique to chicken strips - it's an effective way of protecting food while deep frying, which is quite a fierce method of cooking.
8220;I wrote this book because instructions for deep frying a turkey are limited to what's included in most turkey fryer kits, and nothing more.
When it first emerged in 1995 that Europe's most unhealthy nation was covering the chocolate in batter then deep frying it, no one could believe it.
Owner of the Golden Fish Bar in Bridge Street, Stavros Yonnes, said: ``We roll them in ordinary fish batter before deep frying them for a couple of minutes.
Short of a lab analysis, there's no way to know how many calories and fat are added by the batter, deep frying and powdered sugar.
has reached an agreement with Ore-Ida Foods of Boise, Idaho, that provides for the distribution of specially prepared pre-packaged finger foods bearing the joint label "Ore-Ida/Fry Guy" for use in the 686 Perfect Fry deep frying units currently being marketed nationally by Fry Guy Inc.
95) reflect the freshness of the non-cholesterol oil in use for deep frying, also the kitchen's ability to serve deep-fried items without any oil residue.