deductive reasoning

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deductive reasoning,

n the ability to distill the pertinent facts and details of a situation from a wider body of evidence and generalizations.
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As Kent Sinclair explains, "[a]ll deductive arguments entail, or demand, their conclusions, but nothing inherent in the use of the deductive mode of reasoning guarantees that premises will be available that permit deduction of a conclusion requiring a given legal rule or settling all controversy about it.
The text expands and clarifies concepts like the distinction between inductive and deductive arguments, deductive validity, the deductive nature of normative arguments, the role of subpremises, and others, and addresses how nonrational factors affect thinking and why the fallacy of self-interest is a problem of relevance rather than a moral issue.
A case can be made that the mystical tradition plays an equally important role in the development of Enlightenment thinking, since the rationality of the Middle Ages was mainly based on deductive arguments.