Amanita phalloides

(redirected from Deathcap)
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Am·a·ni·ta phal·loi·'des

a species of fungus containing poisonous elements, including phalloidin and amanitin, which cause gastroenteritis, hepatic necrosis, and renal necrosis.
Synonym(s): deadly agaric
A mushroom which, along with related species—A bisporigera, A verna, A virosa—is the most common cause of fatal mushroom poisonings
Mechanism The major toxins are amanatins, a series of closely related heat-stable cyclic octapeptides, which inhibit RNA polymerase in liver cells
Management Symptomatic-rehydration, IV glucose, instillation of 100 g of activated charcoal per os, mannitol to prevent oliguria; 50% of late-treated patients die

Amanita phalloides

Toxicology A mushroom which, with related species–A bisporigera, A verna, A virosa are the most common cause of fatal mushroom poisonings Clinical After a 12-hr latency, N&V, abdominal colic, severe watery diarrhea; this is followed by a 24-hr latency period, then–if the amount ingested was significant—by fatal hepatitis and renal failure Management Symptomatic-rehydration, IV glucose, instillation of 100 g of activated charcoal per os, mannitol to prevent oliguria; 50% of late-treated Pts die. See Poisonous mushroom.

Am·a·ni·ta phal·loi·des

(am'ă-nī'tă fă-loy'dēz)
A species of mushroom containing poisonous principles (including phalloidin and amanitin) that cause gastroenteritis, hepatic necrosis, and renal necrosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, there is no antidote for the deathly poisons found in certain mushrooms with ominous names such as Destroying Angel, Deathcap, Sickener and Fool's Mushroom.
THE most effective antidote to deathcap mushroom poisoning.