Amanita phalloides

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Am·a·ni·ta phal·loi·'des

a species of fungus containing poisonous elements, including phalloidin and amanitin, which cause gastroenteritis, hepatic necrosis, and renal necrosis.
Synonym(s): deadly agaric
A mushroom which, along with related species—A bisporigera, A verna, A virosa—is the most common cause of fatal mushroom poisonings
Mechanism The major toxins are amanatins, a series of closely related heat-stable cyclic octapeptides, which inhibit RNA polymerase in liver cells
Management Symptomatic-rehydration, IV glucose, instillation of 100 g of activated charcoal per os, mannitol to prevent oliguria; 50% of late-treated patients die

Amanita phalloides

Toxicology A mushroom which, with related species–A bisporigera, A verna, A virosa are the most common cause of fatal mushroom poisonings Clinical After a 12-hr latency, N&V, abdominal colic, severe watery diarrhea; this is followed by a 24-hr latency period, then–if the amount ingested was significant—by fatal hepatitis and renal failure Management Symptomatic-rehydration, IV glucose, instillation of 100 g of activated charcoal per os, mannitol to prevent oliguria; 50% of late-treated Pts die. See Poisonous mushroom.

Am·a·ni·ta phal·loi·des

(am'ă-nī'tă fă-loy'dēz)
A species of mushroom containing poisonous principles (including phalloidin and amanitin) that cause gastroenteritis, hepatic necrosis, and renal necrosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
She is the third person to die in Australia from eating the silky, white-green tipped Death Cap mushroom this year, after a Chinese chef and his kitchen-hand died in January after mistakenly eating the toxic fungi.
The death cap mushroom, which resembles the common white button mushroom, contains one of the most deadly poisons found in nature, a-amanitin.
No, we've gone for a more literal approach by stuffing this sarnie with a pound of lard, death cap mushroom topping and a flavoursome arsenic mayonnaise.
But what you really have to be careful about is the death cap mushroom (Amanita phalloides, called a Gruner Knollenblatterpilz in German), or the fly agaric (Amanita muscaria, or German roter Fliegenpilz) which are truly deadly.
In California, there have been several poisonings and some deaths from eating Amanita phalloides, or the death cap mushroom.
Amanita phalloides - commonly known as the death cap mushroom - poisoned five San Francisco Bay Area people earlier this year, forcing one 13-year-old girl to undergo a nine-hour partial liver transplant.