(dō-sā′), Jean Born 1916.
French physiologist. He shared a 1980 Nobel Prize for discoveries concerning cell structure that enhanced understanding of the immunological system, resulting in higher success rates in organ transplantation.
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This poem ekphrastically describes John Singer Sargent's portrait of Carmen Dausset, the Spanish dancer.
68) To demonstrate the power of predictive genetic testing, Jean Dausset explains that linked to one genomic system, the HLA system, are predispositions to fifty diseases.
In Memoriam--Jean Dausset, MD, the French Nobel laureate who discovered the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system that made human tissue typing for transplantation possible, died of natural causes June 6, 2009.
Co-founder of the French Telethon in 1987, he was also the founder of Genethon in 1990 with the Nobel Prize winner Jean Dausset.
Immunology - Understanding about how the immune system distinguishes between cells and foreign cells went through huge developments in 1958 thanks to the work of French medical researcher Jean Dausset.
Dausset J, "Iso-leuco-anticorps (iso-leuko-antibodies)", Acta Haematologica, 1958, 20 : 156-66.
Gilles Thomas, a medical geneticist at the Jean Dausset Foundation in Paris, and his colleagues examined blood samples from 179 people with Crohn's disease and from 261 of their relatives who are free of the disease.
The major histocompatibility complex (the HLA system) was uncovered during this period by Dausset et al and others, leading to greatly improved prospects for organ transplant surgery.
At a Workshop on International Cooperation for the Human Genome Project held in Valencia in October, 1988, French researcher Jean Dausset suggested that the genome project posed great potential hazards that could open the door to Nazi-like atrocities.
The study was conducted in collaboration with researchers from Children's Hospital of Boston and Harvard Medical School, Foundation Jean Dausset in Paris, Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine, and The Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research and Whitehead/MIT Center for Genome Research.