Datura

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Datura

(da-tū'ră),
A genus of solanaceous plants. Several species (Datura arborea, Datura fastuosa, Datura ferox, and Datura sanguinea) are used in Brazil, India, and Peru to produce unconsciousness. The seeds contain hyoscine (scopolamine), an alkaloid with an anticholinergic action similar to that of atropine.
[Hind.]

datura

(də-to͝or′ə, -tyo͝or′ə)
n.
Any of several plants of the genus Datura in the nightshade family, having trumpet-shaped flowers up to 25 centimeters (10 inches) long and usually prickly fruits. The leaves and seeds yield alkaloids with narcotic properties. Also called thorn apple.

datura,

n See jimsonweed.

Datura

a genus of toxic plants in the family Solanaceae; contain tropane alkaloids including hyoscine (scopolamine), hyoscyamine, atropine which cause excitement, restlessness, pupillary dilation, dryness of the oral mucosa. Poisoning in animals is rare and usually results from eating crushed seeds. Includes D. candida (Brugmansia, angel's trumpet), D. ferox (false castor oil plant, thorn apple), D. inoxia, D. leichhardtii, D. metel, D. meteloides, D. sanguinea (Brugmansia sanguinea), D. suaveolens (Brugmansia suaveolens), D. wrightii.
D. stramonium is also reported to cause arthrogryposis in piglets when fed to their dams. Fortunately the plant is very unpalatable. Called also devil's food, devil's trumpet, false castor oil plant, Jamestown lily, Jamestown weed, jimson weed, mad apple, thorn apple.
References in periodicals archive ?
We argue that this motif is a neither a gourd nor a prickly-pear pouch, but a pictorial representation of the fruit of Datura.
Also referred to by such names as jimson weed, devil's apple, thorn apple and Gabriel's trumpet, Datura has been one of the most important medicinal and hallucinogenic plants used since ancient times in both the Old and New Worlds (Safford 1916; 1920; Avery et al.
According to herbarium records, at least three species of Datura have been collected in or near the lower Pecos River region, Datura stramonium L.
Although the seeds contain the highest percentage of the alkaloids, decoctions and powders prepared from any part of any of the Datura sp.
The lens in which the Hinds Cave Datura was found is bracketed by radiocarbon ages of 4510[+ or -]70 b.
Although not found in a context that provides insight into the use of the plant, Datura seed-pods and/or Datura seeds have been reported from archaeological sites in Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona.
Today, Datura abuse among adolescents and adults seeking the 'jimson-weed high' is not uncommon (Mahler 1975; Klein-Schwartz & Oderda 1984).
The ethnographic and ethnobotanical literature of the New World reveals the widespread use of the genus Datura by shamans for the purpose of divination, prophecy, ecstatic initiation, ritual intoxication, diagnosis and curing (Schleiffer 1973; Furst 1976; Lewis & Elvin-Lewis 1977; Dobkin de Rios 1984).
Many of the aboriginal tribes of southern California employed Datura for its medicinal and hallucinogenic properties (Strong 1965 [1929]; Bean & Saubel 1972; Applegate 1975).
Among the Chumash of the Santa Barbara California region, Datura was accorded a very high status.
Production of Alkaloids from Datura Stramonium and Datura Innoxia Ph D thesis, Faculty of Science, Baghdad University (Arabic).