Datura


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Related to Datura: Datura stramonium, Brugmansia

Datura

(da-tū'ră),
A genus of solanaceous plants. Several species (Datura arborea, Datura fastuosa, Datura ferox, and Datura sanguinea) are used in Brazil, India, and Peru to produce unconsciousness. The seeds contain hyoscine (scopolamine), an alkaloid with an anticholinergic action similar to that of atropine.
[Hind.]

datura

(də-to͝or′ə, -tyo͝or′ə)
n.
Any of several plants of the genus Datura in the nightshade family, having trumpet-shaped flowers up to 25 centimeters (10 inches) long and usually prickly fruits. The leaves and seeds yield alkaloids with narcotic properties. Also called thorn apple.

datura,

n See jimsonweed.

Datura

a genus of toxic plants in the family Solanaceae; contain tropane alkaloids including hyoscine (scopolamine), hyoscyamine, atropine which cause excitement, restlessness, pupillary dilation, dryness of the oral mucosa. Poisoning in animals is rare and usually results from eating crushed seeds. Includes D. candida (Brugmansia, angel's trumpet), D. ferox (false castor oil plant, thorn apple), D. inoxia, D. leichhardtii, D. metel, D. meteloides, D. sanguinea (Brugmansia sanguinea), D. suaveolens (Brugmansia suaveolens), D. wrightii.
D. stramonium is also reported to cause arthrogryposis in piglets when fed to their dams. Fortunately the plant is very unpalatable. Called also devil's food, devil's trumpet, false castor oil plant, Jamestown lily, Jamestown weed, jimson weed, mad apple, thorn apple.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fatal Datura poisoning: identifycation of atropine and scopolamine by high performance liquid chromatography/photodiode array/mass spectrometry.
Rediscovering the medicinal properties of Datura sp.
Although a lot of work has been carried out on Solanum nigrum, Datura stramonium and Withania somnifera but still there are certain gaps which need to be carried out in continuation of previous work.
Table 2: Total polyphenolic tannins and Vitamin C contents of gemmomodified extracts and leaves of Nerium oleander and Datura stramonium
The genus Datura From research subject to powerful hallucinogen.
First report of association of begomovirus with the leaf curls disease of a common weed, Datura inoxia.
The entire city block of South Olive Avenue, between Clematis and Datura, will be shut down for the event
The stems/barks or their ashes of Datura Metel and Nerium Odorum have been found to be sensitive to phosphate ions.
Among specific topics are the curing behavior of epoxy containing siloxane, photometric analysis reagents of rare earths and their applications in metallurgical analysis, applying rhamnilipid biosurfactant to remove polychlorinated diphenyls from contaminated soil, cake fouling mechanism and the analysis of synthetic coke wastewater treatment by membrane bioreactor, turbulent drag reduction in journal bearings by polymer additives, hydroxylation of benzene catalyzed by supported phthalocyanine catalysts, modeling kinetics and grain density evolution during isothermal phase transformation, a new bimetal floating seal of high-speed roller bit bearings, the chemical composition and allelopathic potential of the essential oil from Datura stramonium L.
Bengaluru, Karnataka, May 11 -- Shireen with her project titled "Effect of Datura stramonium stem extract in enhancing the soil moisture" did methodical scientific experiments on the plants.