Data Protection Act 1998

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Data Protection Act 1998

UK law that protects patient information from unauthorised access. The Act requires that data acquired has prior informed consent, that it is stored securely with safeguards to avoid unauthorised access of the data, and can only be released under exceptional circumstances—e.g., for criminal investigations. The Act allows individuals to access information of which they are the subject—e.g., their own medical records.

Eight Principles of Data Protection Act
Personal data must be:
(1) Processed fairly and lawfully;
(2) Processed for specific purposes and in an appropriate manner;
(3) Adequate, relevant and not excessive;
(4) Accurate and up-to-date;
(5) Not kept for longer than necessary;
(6) Processed in accordance with the rights of the data subjects;
(7) Protected by appropriate security;
(8) Not transferred outside the European Economic Area without adequate controls.
References in periodicals archive ?
A police spokeswoman said: "We can confirm proceedings have commenced involving a serving officer in relation to alleged offences under the Data Protection Act.
Despite labelling the act as a 'significant breach' of the Data Protection Act that was 'not fair or lawful', the ICO has simply requested that Google delete the offending data and given the search giant nine months to review its privacy practices.
Howie, who has left the force, was jailed at Dundee Sheriff Court yesterday after she admitted perverting the course of justice and breaching the Data Protection Act while working at Kirriemuir police office in August 2009.
The Data Protection Act offence is punishable by a fine rather than imprisonment - up to a oe5,000 fine in the magistrates' court or an unlimited fine in the Crown court.
It is vital that schools, colleges and universities introduce robust systems to handle their pupils' information on electronic and paper based systems in compliance with the Data Protection Act and we will continue to work with those in the education sector to ensure they are keeping young people's details secure.
Mr Ford said the breach of the Data Protection Act should not have happened.
The Personal Data Protection Act shows the government's paranoia.
If you're concerned about a company's use of CCTV, you can make a complaint to the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO), which deals with Data Protection Act matters.
However, there are two laws that may help: Data Protection Act 1998 - this |only applies to businesses and organisations, so not individuals.
The Act states that conformance to the Data Protection Act is the responsibility of the Data Controller.
A survey of local authorities in 2005 showed that the practices and policies for accessing information under the Data Protection Act varied enormously and meant that some post-care adults were receiving a second-rate service.
Less than half of the websites we reviewed contained all of the statutory information required, only 38 per cent of companies had privacy policies displayed on their site and only 46 per cent had notified the Information Commissioners Office that they process personal information under the Data Protection Act.

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