darwinism

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darwinism

 [dar´wĭ-nizm]
the theory of evolution stating that change in a species over time is partly the result of a process of natural selection, which enables the species to continually adapt to its changing environment.

darwinism

/dar·win·ism/ (dahr´win-izm) the theory of evolution stating that change in a species over time is partly the result of a process of natural selection, which enables the species to continually adapt to its changing environment.

Darwinism

(där′wĭ-nĭz′əm)
n.
A theory of biological evolution developed by Charles Darwin and others, stating that all species of organisms have developed from other species, primarily through natural selection. Also called Darwinian theory.

Dar′win·ist n.
Dar′win·is′tic adj.

darwinism

The current paradigm of evolution, which holds that cumulative changes in successive generations of organisms—i.e., evolution of species—results from mutation and natural selection of the organisms that are best adapted phenotypically to survive in an environment—i.e., ‘survival of the fittest’

Darwinism

the theory of evolution formulated by Charles DARWIN that holds that different species of plants and animals have arisen by a process of slow and gradual changes over successive generations, brought about by NATURAL SELECTION. The essential points of Darwin's theory are:
  1. in organisms that reproduce sexually there is a wide range of variability, both within and between species.
  2. all living forms have the potential for a rapid rise in numbers, increasing at a geometric rate.
  3. the fact that populations usually remain within a limited size must indicate a ‘struggle for existence’ in which those individuals unsuited to the particular conditions operating at that time are eliminated or fail to breed as successfully as others (see FITNESS).
  4. the struggle for existence results in natural selection that favours the survival of the best-adapted individuals, a process described by Herbert Spencer (1820–93) in his Principles of Biology (1865) as the ‘survival of the fittest’.

darwinism

the theory of evolution according to which higher organisms have been developed from lower ones through the influence of natural selection.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caiazza highlights the fundamental incoherency of the Darwinist project, since it is impossible to identify precisely the "unit of selection": is it the gene, the phenotype of the individual organism, or the whole species?
She asserts, against such "homogenizing" of literary Darwinists as we find in Kramnick, that, "in point of fact, [they] have only one shared assumption: that findings about human psychology and behavior might prove illuminating for the study of human artifacts" (11).
The strength of Robinson's work is her ability to expose the lack of scientific methodology these social Darwinists actually make and in doing so she demonstrates the inability of such thought to supply a worldview that accounts for truth, morality, and the mystery of human life.
All the ideologies of those dictators who ruthlessly slaughtered innocent people, who imagined that problems could be resolved by violence and that conflict was inevitable were all based on Darwinist thinking.
One third of the Disengaged Darwinists feel no personal responsibility to help those who are worse off than themselves.
The fundamental flaw that FPP ascribe to Darwinists is inferring from ' creatures are selectedfor their adaptive traits' to 'creatures with adaptive traits are selected (xv).
In Scott Westerfeld's creation in the "steampunk" genre, remnants of historical characters and events provide the backdrop for conflict between machines and living creatures - the Clankers and the Darwinists.
The British, French and Russian forces are Darwinists, using fabricated beasts for transport and for many other purposes including as weapons.
Darwin's theory of evolution was co-opted in some ways by social Darwinists to explain racial differences.
First, we offered Darwinists around the world 100 million fossils, which prove that this world came into being as a result of God's creationism and not because of evolution.