A mnemonic acronym for the treatable causes of faecal and urinary incontinence:
Atrophic urethritis and vaginitis
Psychologic disorders, especially depression
Excessive urine output, e.g., from heart failure of hyperglycaemia
Restricted mobility
Stool impaction
References in periodicals archive ?
DIAPPERS Acronym for Transient Causes of Urinary Incontinence D Delirium I Infection A Atrophic urethritis or vaginitis P Pharmocology P Psychological disorders E Endocrine disorders R Restricted mobility S Stool impaction Source: Resnick & Yalla, 1985.
The causes of transient incontinence are easily remembered using the mnemonic DIAPPERS (delirium, urinary infection, atrophic vaginitis, pharmaceuticals, psychological problem, excess urine output, restricted mobility, stool impaction) coined by Resnick (Resnick, 1984).