When McCarthy discovered in 2005 that she had been exposed to the drug in utero, she researched DES and its potential ramifications which include a rare vaginal cancer in DES daughters
, and an increase in the risk of breast cancer in DES daughters
and testicular cancer in DES sons.
1) Unfortunately, DES not only did not work to prevent miscarriage, but it also caused severe medical problems for both the women who took the drug and their children who were exposed to the drug in utero, who are known as DES Daughters
and DES Sons.
Between 1982 and 1995, Bell conducted twenty interviews with DES daughters
between the ages of 21 and forty.
Researchers have also found that DES daughters
are 40 times more likely to develop cancer of the vagina and cervix than women who were not exposed to the drug.
1980), reporting that DES daughters
had elevated levels of serum testosterone (Wu et al.
say the legacy should not be forgotten.
When cancer was eventually found in DES daughters
, it was clear that the animal studies did in fact predict these cancerous changes much earlier.
may have fertility and pregnancy problems and should be checked for rare cancers, called clear cell adenomas, of the cervix and vagina.
Now Dutch researchers want to establish any connection between DES daughters
and the risk of cancer during and after menopause.
Affirming a district court opinion, the Second Circuit agreed that the excess liability insurers must cover the third-generation claimants' injuries because they were consequences of in utero injuries to the reproductive systems of the so-called DES daughters
, and those injuries occurred during the coverage period of the policies in question.
As researchers have followed up on the side effects of the drug, they also have found that women exposed as embryos, the so-called DES daughters
, may have abnormally developed reproductive tracts, causing such problems as infertility and miscarriages.
have a small chance of developing vaginal cancer, and the mothers who received DES during pregnancy may also face a greater risk of breast cancer.