cytoskeleton

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cytoskeleton

 [si″to-skel´ĕ-ton]
a conspicuous internal reinforcement in the cytoplasm of a cell, consisting of tonofibrils, filaments of the terminal web, and other microfilaments. adj., adj cytoskel´etal.

cy·to·skel·e·ton

(sī'tō-skel'ĕ-ton),
In cells, the microtubules and the filaments (thin, intermediate, and thick) that serve as supportive cytoplasmic elements to stiffen cells or to organize the location and movement of intracellular organelles.

cytoskeleton

/cy·to·skel·e·ton/ (-skel´it-on) a conspicuous internal reinforcement in the cytoplasm of a cell, consisting of tonofibrils, filaments of the terminal web, and other microfilaments.cytoskel´etal

cytoskeleton

(sī′tə-skĕl′ĭ-tn)
n.
The internal framework of a eukaryotic cell, composed of protein filaments that provide structural support and drive the movement of the cell and its internal components, typically divided into three categories (microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules) based on the diameter and composition of the filaments.

cy′to·skel′e·tal (-ĭ-tl) adj.

cytoskeleton

[-skel′ətən]
Etymology: Gk, kytos + skeletos, dried body
the cytoplasmic elements, including the tonofibrils, keratin, and other microfibrils, that function as a supportive system within a cell, especially an epithelial cell.

cy·to·skel·e·ton

(sī'tō-skel'ĕ-tŏn)
The tonofilaments, keratin, desmin, neurofilaments, or other intermediate filaments serving as supportive cytoplasmic elements to stiffen cells or to organize intracellular organelles.

cytoskeleton

A complex network of ACTIN filaments within the nucleated cell. Unlike the bony skeleton in vertebrates, this skeleton has contractile properties and can alter the shape, size and even movement, of the cell. The cytoskeleton is also concerned with the adhesion of adjacent cells.

cytoskeleton

a network of MICROTUBULES and MICROFILAMENTS in the cytoplasm of cells which is thought to give the cell its characteristic shape. The network enables the movement of specific organelles within the cytoplasm (as in vesicles produced by the GOLGI APPARATUS), and the production of general CYTOPLASMIC STREAMING.

cytoskeleton

network of keratinocyte-derived keratin filaments and desmosomal connections providing structural support to epidermal basal cell layer, and aiding epidermis/dermis adhesion

cy·to·skel·e·ton

(sī'tō-skel'ĕ-tŏn)
The tonofilaments, keratin, desmin, neurofilaments, or other intermediate filaments serving as supportive cytoplasmic elements to stiffen cells or to organize intracellular organelles.

cytoskeleton,

n the intracellular filaments that serve to support or stiffen cells.

cytoskeleton

a conspicuous internal reinforcement in the cytoplasm of a cell, consisting of tonofibrils, filaments of the terminal web, and other microfilaments.
References in periodicals archive ?
Immunostaining of Cytoskeletal Proteins in Normal, Ganglionic, and Aganglionic Bowel From a Patient With Hirschprung Disease (HD) Normal HD Ganglionic ++ + [+ or -] - ++ + [+ or -] - Dystrophin 4 4 .
VASP recruitment to the bacterial surface in turn allows the recruitment of other cytoskeletal proteins, such as actin and profilin, and forms the basis of an actin-based motor for Shigella movement.
Then we measured the expression of cytoskeletal proteins ([alpha]-SMA and vimentin) by TGF-[beta]1 stimulation.
pneumoniae strain isolated from bloody diarrhea can bind to HeLa cells and cytoskeletal proteins, such as the actin that accumulates at the point of bacterium-host contact (3).
Adhesion phase occurring at long term contact involves various biological molecules like extracellular matrix proteins, cell membrane proteins and cytoskeletal proteins which interact together to induce signal transduction, promoting the action of transcription factors and consequently regulating gene expression (2).
Eighth-place winner Yves Jude Jeanty of Stuyvesant identified telltale changes in cytoskeletal proteins that may indicate the ability of cells to move away after one collides with another.
These genes are involved in energy metabolism (glycolysis and electron transport), oxidative stress and production of cytoskeletal proteins, all of which could be involved in the growth of new skin during wound healing.
Experimental studies have shown that many glycolytic enzymes bind cytoskeletal proteins reversibly including lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (aldolase), glyceraldehydes 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), 3-phosphoglycerate kinase, glucose isomerase, phosphofructokinase, and pyruvate kinase (3,4) and that the interaction may be electrostatic in nature (3).
Normal substrates of calpain include cytoskeletal proteins, membrane proteins, transcription factors, calmodulin-binding proteins, and enzymes that are involved in signal transduction.
Cytoskeletal proteins were separated by 10% SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, under denaturating conditions, and then transferred to Immobilion-P (Millipore, Bedford, MA, USA) membranes.
2004), suggesting that a rearrangement of cytoskeletal proteins has a role in the intracellular accumulation of lipid droplets (Luegmayr et al.
However, Cdk5 is also found in differentiated neurons, where it seems to be involved in stopping the neurons dividing and in regulating synaptic plasticity and cytoskeletal proteins such as tau, a pathological form of which characterises some forms of neurodegeneration (Karl Herrup, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA).