Centaurea

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Centaurea

a genus of thistles of the Asteraceae family of plants; contain sesquiterpene lactones which cause nigropallidal encephalomalacia in horses. Includes C. melitensis (Maltese cockspur), C. repens (C. picris, Russian or creeping knapweed, hard heads), C. solstitialis (yellow star or St. Barnaby's thistle).
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Centaurea solstitialis. By permission from Knottenbelt DC, Pascoe RR, Diseases and Disorders of the Horse, Saunders, 2003
References in periodicals archive ?
Hurt Sickle, for instance, describes the way a mower's sickle was often caught in the wiry stems of Centaurea cyanus as it mingled with grain in the fields of Europe.
Blodyn o liw glas hyfryd oedd hwnnw, ac a elwir yn Penlas-yr-yed, [Centaurea cyanus L].
lanigera 2 0,4 1 3,1 Abrocoma bennetti 6 1,2 4 12,5 Octodon lunatus 8 1,5 5 15,6 Spalacopus cyanus 4 0,8 2 6,3 Mustelidae 2 0,4 1 3,1 Cetacea 1 0,2 1 3,1 Otaria byronia 11 2,1 2 6,3 Ave 66 12,7 -- -- Passeriforme 1 0,2 1 3,1 Phalacrocorax sp.
Sarker SD, Laird A, Nahar L, Kumarasamy Y, Jaspars M (2001) Indole alkaloids from the seeds of Centaurea cyanus (Asteraceae).
Cell cultures of Centaurea cyanus produce malonated anthocyanin in UV light.
In the burrows of Spalacopus cyanus, holes are also oriented towards the NW and W, and none towards the S (Reig, 1970).
Character taxa of the alliance (and of subordinate syntaxa): Betonica officinalis, Chamaecytisus supinus, Clematis recta, Coronilla coronata, Cyanus triumfettii, Dictamnus albus, Ferulago campestris, Galium lucidum, Hippocrepis emerus subsp.
0,3%), Octodon lunatus (0,2%) y Spalacopus cyanus (0,1%), mientras que los roedores no identificados alcanzan el 11,9%.