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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gemayel stressed that many countries levy very high Customs duties and many have even increased tariffs before joining the WTO, while Lebanon continues to impose very low Customs duties.
Next year customs duties will also drop for about a hundred products in support of industry.
effects resulting from the customs duties dismantling," the minister said.
Under the current customs duty system only those goods that are imported into the region are subject to taxes while the inter-GCC trade is exempt from customs duties.
One Lower-profile aspect of these cases is that they arise not only in the traditional area of government procurement, but also in the arenas of customs duties, tax assessments, and tax controversies.
The Bureau of International Recycling (BIR) has informed its members that EU customs duties on imports of certain products (including iron and steel scrap, aluminum scrap, recycled textiles and rags) from the United States have been suspended retroactive to the start of this year.
A wide range of duty relief schemes are designed to relieve the importer of customs duties where his imported goods are put to a qualifying use.
100 million yen and imposed suspended prison terms on a former executive and two officials for evading customs duties in importing octopuses.
The buyer is responsible for all other costs such as unloading and handling costs at the point of entry, customs duties and fees, inland transit costs and so on.
The rationale is that if foreign imports are used in manufacturing American products for export, American industry is placed at a competitive disadvantage if companies have to price their products high enough to recover customs duties in addition to other costs.
customs duties, reducing the cost of manufacturing goods.

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