Culicoides


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Culicoides

(kū-li-koy'dēz),
A genus of minute biting gnats or midges, vectors of several nonpathogenic human filariae (Mansonella, Dipetalonema), of Onchocerca in horses and cattle, and of several viral agents of domestic sheep and fowl.
[L. culex, gnat]

Cu·li·coi·des

(kū'li-koy'dēz)
A genus of biting midges; among the most abundant of the hematophagous insects that transmit numerous pathogens of humans and animals; they transmit the minimally pathogenic Mansonella streptocerca to humans, but their primary importance is as a vector of arboviruses to livestock.
[L. culex, gnat]

Culicoides

a large genus of biting midges belonging to the family Ceratopogonidae. They act as vectors of bluetongue, ephemeral fever, Akabane virus of cattle, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer, and African horse sickness and many are intermediate hosts of filarioid nematodes.
Many are causes of cutaneous hypersensitivity in horses (Queensland or sweet itch)—C. brevitarsis, C. imicola, C. insignis, C. lupicaris, C. obsoletus, C. pulicaris, C. punctatus, C. spinosus, C. stellifer, C. varipennis.

Culicoides brevitarsis (Culicoides robertsi)
one of the vectors of bluetongue virus and causes hypersensitivity to its bite. Called also Queensland itch. See also sweet itch.
Culicoides furens
intermediate host of Mansonella ozzardi.
Culicoides grahami
intermediate host of Dipetalonema perstans and D. streptocerca.
Culicoides nubeculosus
intermediate host of Onchocerca cervicalis.
Culicoides pungens
intermediate host of Onchocerca gibsoni.
References in periodicals archive ?
Midges have been around since prehistoric times and most don't bite - but the Scots species Culicoides impunctatus does.
The circulation of midgets in the category Culicoides is worldwide; 47 types are recognized to happen in Florida.
Biting midges of the genus Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are the most diverse group of the family Ceratopogonidae, which includes 1,366 extant worldwide species, 266 of which occur in the Neotropics (Borkent & Spinelli 2007; Borkent 2014a).
The Orthobunyavirus genus, part of the group of viruses known as arboviruses, comprises several human and zoonotic pathogens known to be transmitted by mosquitoes, culicoides midges, nest bugs, and ticks and is the largest of the 5 genera within the Bunyaviridae family.
The causative agent of BT, bluetongue virus (BTV), is an arbovirus that is spread through temperate and tropical regions of the world by biting Culicoides midges, which serve as biological vectors.
Caused by several strains of viruses, the disease is spread by biting gnats or midges of the species Culicoides uariipennis.
EHD is transmitted to deer via the bites of Culicoides gnats (no-see-ums).
The project intends to address the risk of emerging viral vector borne diseases in two main categories of arthropods known to transmit important animal and zoonotic diseases: mosquitoes (Aedes and Culex), and Culicoides biting midges.
Black flies and sand flies are involved, as are the tiny culicoides insects, also called 'no-see-ems,'" Rodriguez says.
Culicoides and the emergence of bluetongue virus in northern Europe.
It is carried by the culicoides midge, which is responsible for the spread of bluetongue.
salinarius Birds, Mammals Skin Brown & Pearson, 1938 Culicoides Birds, Mammals Skin Snow & crepuscularis Picard, 1954 C.