Crotalaria


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Crotalaria

a plant genus of the legume family Fabaceae. There are many species and most of them are poisonous. They all contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids which cause damage in liver, lungs and in pigs in the kidney. Called also rattlepods. The diseases caused have many names including walkabout, Kimberley horse disease, stywesiekte and jaagsiekte.
Includes as causes of liver damage, lung damage and dummy syndrome in horses and cattle: C. anagyroides, C. barkae (C. geminiflora), C. burkeana, C. crispata, C. dissitiflora (gray rattlepod), C. dura (wild lucerne), C. globifera (wild lucerne), C. goreensis (Gambia pea), C. juncea (sunn hemp), C. lachnocarpoides, C. mauensis, C. mesopontica, C. mitchelli, C. mucronata, C. novae-hollandiae, C. pallida, C. polysperma (C. saltiana, C. striata), C. retusa (wedge-leafed rattlepod), C. rhodesiae, C. rotundifolia, C. sagittalis, C. spectabilis (C. retzii, C. sericea), C. steudneri (C. hispida), C. zimmermannii.
Includes as causes of esophageal ulceration in horses: C. aridicola (Chillagoe horse poison), C. medicaginea (C. trifoliastrum).
Includes as a cause of pulmonary edema: C. eremaea, C. spartioides, C. pallida.
References in periodicals archive ?
Desmodium (13 species), Dalea (12), Phaseolus (9), Crotalaria (8), Lupinus (6), Vicia (6), Astragalus (5), and Rhynchosia (4) were prominent in these communities.
The characteristic histopathology, especially the liver histology resembled that of toxicity caused by plants like Senecio spp, Crotalaria spp.
The moths pick up alkaloids from several wild legumes in the Crotalaria genus.
This community is dominated by Echinops husoni and accompanied with Basia eriophora, Crotalaria aculeate, Alhagi maurorum and Zilla spinosa.
Pailka (palyka or palkany) is a term used by the eastern Walmajarri and their neighbours to the east, the Kukaja, for both the Crotalaria and the sandals made from it.
Crotalaria spectabilis, Cosmos bipinnatus, and Solidago canadensis are all flora inhabiting the vicinity of Sumter, South Carolina.
MCT is a pyrrolizidine alkaloid found in leaves and seeds of the plant Crotalaria spectabilis.
Such trees include leguminous trees of the genera Sesbania, Tephrosia, Crotalaria, and Glyricidia.
Aconite, Allspice, Black Snakeroot, Bloodroot, Blue Cohosh, Boxwood, Celandine, Common Poppy, Crotalaria, Crow Poison, Death Camas, Dicentra, False Hellebore, False Jessamine, Fume wort, Hellebore, Hemp, Horse Nettle, Indian Hemp, Indian poke, Jimson weed, Larkspur, Lobelia, Lupines, Marijuana, Monkshood, Moonseed, Night shade, Pink Death, Camas Poison, Darnel, Poison Hemlock, Poison rye grass, Rattleweed, Rock Poppy, Spider Lily, Spotted cowbane, Spotted Water Hemlock, Stagger grass, Staggerweed, Sweet Shrub, Thorn Apple, Varebells, Wild Parsnip, Wolfs-bane, Yellow Jessamine.
By 1961, researchers had narrowed the list to six fibrous materials: kenaf, crotalaria, okra, sesbania, sorghum, and bamboo.
Wang KH, McSorley R, Marshall A, Gallaher RN (2006) Influence of organic Crotalaria juncea hay and ammonium nitrate fertilisers on soil nematode communities.