Crocus sativus

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Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

Crocus sativus,

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Suppression of pulmonary tumor promotion and induction of apoptosis by Crocus sativus L.
Comment: The novelty of this trial is that while previous studies used the stamen of Crocus sativus (which accounts for the expense of the spice saffron), this trial used the less expensive part, the petals, and demonstrated albeit in a small sample that it is an effective and cost effective antidepressant.
Karyotype and meiotic behaviour of the triploid Crocus sativus L.
Crocus sativus is certainly a garden-worthy plant and, while we would need a huge garden if we intended to produce our own saffron, it is an attractive addition to autumn displays and worth growing simply for its value as a conversation piece.
Histopathological study of subacute toxicity of Crocus sativus L.
Effects of Crocus sativus stigma extract and its constituents, crocin and safranal, on intact memory and scopolamine-induced learning deficits in rats performing the Morris water maze task.
At 6 weeks, the saffron subjects showed significantly better outcomes on the Hamilton depression rating scale than placebo, indicating "the efficacy of Crocus sativus [saffron] in the treatment of mild to moderate depression.
Saffron, the most expensive spice in the world, is harvested from the stigmas of Crocus Sativus - no reason why you shouldn't grow your own and save some money
GROWTH: Philadelphus or mock orange may need pruning now EXPENSIVE LUXURY: Crocus sativus that yields saffron
Gardeners on either coast can relate to the authors whacking back wisteria, pruning the roots of a potted bay tree, delighting in the variety of winter-blooming camellias, and eschewing long vacations so as not to miss being there when the Crocus sativus bloom.
SAFFRON IS A SPICE and a perfume ingredient derived from the dried stigma of the flower of the saffron crocus, Crocus sativus.
TriNeuroPlex, derived from the Crocus sativus plant, has been shown to support a multitude of memory enhancing and mood altering benefits.