scientific method

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scientific method

n.
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to test the hypothesis, and development of a conclusion that confirms, rejects, or modifies the hypothesis.

scientific method

[sī′əntif′ik]
a systematic, ordered approach to the gathering of data and the solving of problems. The basic approach is the statement of the problem followed by the statement of a hypothesis. An experimental method is established to help confirm or negate the hypothesis. The results of the experiment are observed, and conclusions are drawn from observed results. The conclusions may tend to uphold or to refute the hypothesis.

scientific method

the way of approaching a problem by drawing up a hypothesis based on a series of observations, and then testing the hypothesis by means of experiments designed in such a way as to support or invalidate the hypothesis. On the basis of the experimental evidence a theory is proposed to account for the initial observations. If subsequently the theory is found to be wanting in some respect, new hypotheses are sought and tested experimentally, so the process is a successive refinement which in science never leads to an absolute truth, but to a more reliable knowledge.

scientific method,

n a formal style of study or research in which a problem is identified, pertinent information is assembled, a hypothesis is advanced and tested empirically, and the hypothesis is accepted or rejected.

scientific method

the process of extending knowledge by forming a hypothesis based on observations and epidemiological patterns, which is then tested on a subset of the total population, then generalizing the results to the appropriate population through the process of inductive logic. Before implementation of the hypotheses they should be tested by studies planned on the basis that the hypothesis will be proved or denied.
References in periodicals archive ?
In another article that deals with Arnold's critical method, "Teaching Tact: Matthew Arnold on Education: (Raritan 32, no.
The historical critical method has undoubtedly made many gains for our understanding of the Bible.
Keywords The Smarandache reciprocal function, critical method for twin primes.
One distinctive feature of the author's own critical method is a penchant for describing filmic features in terms of binary oppositions.
of Wisconsin-Madison) and contributors explain this critical method for solving Maxwell equations, including the one-dimensional scalar wave equation, numerical dispersion and stability, incident wave source conditions, analytical absorbing boundary conditions, near-to-far field transformations, dispersive, nonlinear and gain materials, grids, bodies of revolution, periodic structures, antennas, photonics, advances in techniques and advances in hardware acceleration for FDTD.
While the course reflects the methodological sensibilities and prejudices of its creator--a political historian who declares this openly and frequently in his classes--students develop an appreciation for the fact that all historical enquiry, whatever the sources of its inspiration, must be conducted in accordance with the rigorous critical method that is the hallmark of all academic history.
Weaknesses of this kind affect the general quality of the book, but this should not downplay the fact that Irish and Postcolonial Writing is a helpful exploration of postcolonial theory and in its best instances--particularly in the work of Graham and Kirkland--it vindicates its utility as a critical method in Irish Studies.
In this edition the Comentum covers pages 79-722 of the volume and is preceded by an extensive introduction, which fully justifies Chiamenti's critical method and provides all pertinent information concerning Pietro's life, the history of the text, and the editor's approach.
By analogy with Leavis it might go some way to defining the basis of the Great Tradition of twentieth-century architecture, but Leavis was at pains to set his literary canon within a rich apparatus of critical method.
Educationally, the University of Chicago also had the most impact on Wright, exposing him to the concepts of the Historical Critical Method of Biblical Studies that led him to a commitment to the Social Gospel that characterized his work for the rest of his life.
But although a large amount of sensitive data is increasingly stored digitally, recent corporate scandals have proved that shredders are still a critical method of destroying information.
Leavis was important to her, but reconsideration is ne cessary to indicate her particular contribution to literary criticism and to demonstrate the nature of her critical method.

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