However, because of liability deflection, managers may not want the corporation to lobby against corporate criminal liability
3) Gabriel Hallevy, "'I, Robot - I, Criminal' - When Science Fiction Becomes Reality: Legal Liability of AI Robots committing Criminal Offenses" (2010) 22 Syracuse Science & Technology L Report 1; Gabriel Hallevy, "The Criminal Liability
of Artificial Intelligence Entities - From Science Fiction to Legal Social Control" (2010) 4:2 Akron Intellectual Property J 171; Gabriel Hallevy, "Unmanned Vehicles: Subordination to Criminal Law under the Modern Concept of Criminal Liability
" (2011) 21:2 J L Info & Sci 200.
the law forbids by limiting criminal liability
to someone who
But Bittle's analysis reveals that discursive formations also played an important role in shaping the opportunities available to politicians seeking to blunt efforts to increase corporate criminal liability
and, perhaps, also shaped legislators' thinking.
Some European countries have expanded their administrative regulation or even experimented with corporate criminal liability
determination of whether criminal liability
should attach to clinical
The only problem with this definition of corporate criminal liability
is that it violates all three of the necessary conditions for criminal responsibility.
The threat of going out of business may be an inferior deterrent in those firms for which entity-level criminal liability
is important from a deterrence perspective.
The doctrine of corporate criminal liability
functional equivalent of criminal liability
With federal law C-45, which amends the Criminal Code to increase the potential for criminal liability
for workplace injuries or fatalities, now in effect, companies now more than ever are being held more accountable for safety oversights.
Both of these provisions subject PCA employees to civil and criminal liability