Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever


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Related to Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever: Lassa fever

Cri·me·an-Con·go hem·or·rhag·ic fe·ver

a form of hemorrhagic fever distinct from Omsk hemorrhagic fever, occurring in central Russia, transmitted by species of the tick Hyalomma, and caused by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, a member of the Bunyaviridae family; horses are the chief reservoir of human infection; characterized by abrupt onset, high fever, headache, myalgia, widespread petechial hemorrhagic lesions, gastrointestinal bleeding, high fatality rate.
Synonym(s): African tick fever

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

[krīmē′ən]
an arbovirus infection caused by the virus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae, transmitted to humans through the bite of a tick, characterized by fever, dizziness, muscle ache, vomiting, headache, and other neurological symptoms. After several days in severe cases, bleeding from the skin and mucous membranes, particularly from the mouth and nose; bloody sputum or vomit; and blood-tinged feces may be seen. Transfusion may be necessary to replace lost blood; otherwise treatment is symptomatic and supportive. The mortality rate is approximately 30%. Death occurs in the second week of infection. No specific medication or therapy is available for prevention or cure. It occurs mainly in Russia, Asia, and Africa; agricultural workers are most often afflicted. See also hemorrhagic fever, Omsk hemorrhagic fever.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

a zoonotic disease of humans, in central Asia through to eastern Europe, who are in contact with livestock. Caused by a bunyavirus, it is transmitted by ticks. The principal signs are fever, widespread hemorrhages and necrotizing hepatitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Serosurvey of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in domestic animals, Gujarat, India, 2013.
Seroepidemiologic Survey of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever among Slaughters and Butchers in Isfahan.
Characteristics of patients with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in a recent outbreak in Turkey and impact of oral ribavirin therapy.
An outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in the United Arab Emirates, 1994-1995.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, fatal: imported ex Afghanistan [cited 2009 Sep 19].
Comparative pathogenesis of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and ebola hemorrhagic fever.
His research interests include Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and viral hepatitis.
Cardiac findings in children with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease with a mortality rate between 3 and 30%.
To the Editor: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an acute viral infection that causes mild to severe hemorrhagic fever characterized by petechiae, ecchymosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and multi-organ failure (1).