Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

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Cri·me·an-Con·go hem·or·rhag·ic fe·ver

a form of hemorrhagic fever distinct from Omsk hemorrhagic fever, occurring in central Russia, transmitted by species of the tick Hyalomma, and caused by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, a member of the Bunyaviridae family; horses are the chief reservoir of human infection; characterized by abrupt onset, high fever, headache, myalgia, widespread petechial hemorrhagic lesions, gastrointestinal bleeding, high fatality rate.
Synonym(s): African tick fever

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

[krīmē′ən]
an arbovirus infection caused by the virus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae, transmitted to humans through the bite of a tick, characterized by fever, dizziness, muscle ache, vomiting, headache, and other neurological symptoms. After several days in severe cases, bleeding from the skin and mucous membranes, particularly from the mouth and nose; bloody sputum or vomit; and blood-tinged feces may be seen. Transfusion may be necessary to replace lost blood; otherwise treatment is symptomatic and supportive. The mortality rate is approximately 30%. Death occurs in the second week of infection. No specific medication or therapy is available for prevention or cure. It occurs mainly in Russia, Asia, and Africa; agricultural workers are most often afflicted. See also hemorrhagic fever, Omsk hemorrhagic fever.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

a zoonotic disease of humans, in central Asia through to eastern Europe, who are in contact with livestock. Caused by a bunyavirus, it is transmitted by ticks. The principal signs are fever, widespread hemorrhages and necrotizing hepatitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Analysis of risk-factors among patients with Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus infection: severity criteria revisited.
Five people lost their lives in Turkey in just two days due to Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever after they were bitten by ticks.
Kirim Kongo kanamali atesine neden olan Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), Bunyaviridae ailesi icerisinde yer alir, bu aile icerisinde 300'den fazla virus bulunmaktadir ve bes ayri gruba ayrilir; Orthobunyavirus, Hantavirus, Phlebovirus, Nairovirus ve Tospovirus (2).
Scientists confirmed that Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever, which causes some victims to bleed to death from every orifice, has been found in blood samples from people who died in the area.
Evaluation of clinical and laboratory predictors of fatality in patients with Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in a tertiary care hospital in Turkey.
SA's capacity to deal with haemorrhagic fever cases has developed against the backdrop of endemic Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF).
The first vaccine against Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus gives 100% protection in an experimental model in mice.
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is one of the most widely distributed viral hemorrhagic fevers occurring in Africa, the middle East, Asia and some parts of Europe (1).
Muscat Smuggled livestock could have been the source of the Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) that killed a Bangladeshi expatriate last week in Buraimi, according to sources.
KARACHI, October 27, 2010 (Balochistan Times): The Ministry of Health (MoH), Pakistan, has notified WHO of 26 cases, including 3 deaths, of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF).
Already, eight people have died out of 75 who have contracted Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, an ebola-type disease.
Development of an indirect ELISA method for the parallel measurement of IgG and IgM antibodies against Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus using recombinant nucleoprotein as antigen.