Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

(redirected from Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever)

Cri·me·an-Con·go hem·or·rhag·ic fe·ver

a form of hemorrhagic fever distinct from Omsk hemorrhagic fever, occurring in central Russia, transmitted by species of the tick Hyalomma, and caused by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, a member of the Bunyaviridae family; horses are the chief reservoir of human infection; characterized by abrupt onset, high fever, headache, myalgia, widespread petechial hemorrhagic lesions, gastrointestinal bleeding, high fatality rate.
Synonym(s): African tick fever

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

[krīmē′ən]
an arbovirus infection caused by the virus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae, transmitted to humans through the bite of a tick, characterized by fever, dizziness, muscle ache, vomiting, headache, and other neurological symptoms. After several days in severe cases, bleeding from the skin and mucous membranes, particularly from the mouth and nose; bloody sputum or vomit; and blood-tinged feces may be seen. Transfusion may be necessary to replace lost blood; otherwise treatment is symptomatic and supportive. The mortality rate is approximately 30%. Death occurs in the second week of infection. No specific medication or therapy is available for prevention or cure. It occurs mainly in Russia, Asia, and Africa; agricultural workers are most often afflicted. See also hemorrhagic fever, Omsk hemorrhagic fever.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

a zoonotic disease of humans, in central Asia through to eastern Europe, who are in contact with livestock. Caused by a bunyavirus, it is transmitted by ticks. The principal signs are fever, widespread hemorrhages and necrotizing hepatitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- A total of 2,000 pheasants have been released into the wild by the Mersin Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks in Mersin's Mezitli district in an effort to reduce the spread of the tick-borne disease Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF).
Experience with ribavirin for treatment and postexposure prophylaxis of hemorrhagic fever viruses: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever, Lassa fever, and hantavirus [cited 2014 Sep 15].
Foud bin Jaafar al- Sajwani, Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries said that the Ministry follows the Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever.
DG Health has said that Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a potentially fatal zoonostic infection that is spread by the bite of ticks which have fed on an infected animal or from exposure to infected blood or tissues during or immediately after slaughtering an infected animal.
He said that the Sindh Government had issued alert of the spread of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) virus which claimed a life in Karachi on August 20.
Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever was reported from some countries of Asia, Eastern Europe and Africa, among which, Iran is one of the countries categorized as the most infected (WHO 2008).
Changes in temperature and the Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever outbreak in Turkey.
A preliminary method on Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever Turkey, March - June 2008.
People of the area have criticized the one year poor performance of a non-governmental organization Relief International working for the prevention of Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever in Zhob district.
MULTAN -- A suspected case of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCFH) was admitted to Nishtar Medical Institute (NMI) here on Monday noon.
Severity scoring index for Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever virus infection and the impact of ribavirin and corticoste roids on fatality.