All managers need to recognize that risk is associated with creativity - that to try to use employees' creative ideas will mean that some will fail," Couger
The Dittrich, Couger
, and Zawacki (1985) study discerned that intention to quit is negatively related to pay rules, latitude, distributing tasks, pay level, and work pace in the systems analysts and programmers sample; and negatively associated with pay rules and work pace in the operations personnel sample.
Several constructs (Dukes, Discenza & Couger
, 1989; Igbaria & Parasuraman, 1989, 1991; Kernan & Howard, 1990; Morrow, Prell & McElroy, 1986; Raub, 1982) exist to measure the anxiety and stress levels.
In fact, security topics appeared in six of the nine courses in the 1997 model curriculum guidelines for IS undergraduate education, the first produced by the collaboration between the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) and the Association of Information Systems (AIS), along with the Association for Information Technology Professionals (Davis, Gorgone, Couger
, Feinstein, & Longenecker, 1997).
," I assumed I would read about this in the Ayoob Files, or maybe find another helpful suggestion from Clint Smith on alternatives to handguns (".
Efforts have been made to design measures of job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction, and to test the validity of the two-factor hypothesis (Cohen, 1974; Couger
, 1988; Maidani, 1991; Warr, Cook and Wall, 1979).