coronary heart disease

(redirected from Coronary Disease)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Coronary Disease: coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease

coronary

 [kor´ah-nar-e]
encircling in the manner of a crown; said of anatomical structures such as vessels, ligaments, or nerves.
coronary arteries two large arteries that branch from the ascending aorta and supply all of the heart muscle with blood (see also table of arteries).
 A view of the coronary arterial system. The arteries serving the posterior aspect of the myocardium are shown here in a lighter shade.
coronary artery disease (CAD) atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which may cause angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Both genetically determined and avoidable risk factors contribute to the disease; they include hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, and low levels of high density lipoproteins (HDL).
coronary heart disease (CHD) ischemic heart disease.
coronary occlusion the occlusion, or closing off, of a coronary artery, usually caused by a narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessels by the plaques of atherosclerosis. Sometimes a plaque may rupture and release vasoactive or thrombogenic substances that lead to clot formation. If there is adequate collateral circulation to the heart muscle at the time of the occlusion, there may be little or no damage to the myocardial cells. When occlusion is complete, however, with no blood being supplied to an area of the myocardium, myocardial infarction results.

coronary heart disease

coronary heart disease

A general term for any disease affecting the coronary arteries, in particular atherosclerosis.

Risk factors
Hypertension, smoking and high cholesterol.

Management
Lifestyle and related medical therapy.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers studied patients with different severities of coronary disease who had or had not suffered a heart attack.
The risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes is high, although not to the point that diabetes is a coronary disease risk equivalent," he said.
Bainey says that South Asians make up 17 per cent of the world's population but account for more than 60 per cent of all coronary disease.
All these relative risks were adjusted for baseline differences in age, gender, diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, family history of coronary disease, and smoking history.
POPULATION STUDIED The investigators enrolled 160 patients with known coronary disease from the Seattle area and Canada.
Conclusions: Reduction in smoking, improvement in diet, and an increase in postmenopausal hormone use accounted for much of the decline in the incidence of coronary disease in this group of women.
A: Several diets have reversed coronary disease or lowered the risk of heart attacks.
A recently published community-based case-control study has examined the acute effects of alcohol on coronary disease risk.
A snapshot of the global therapeutic scenario for Coronary Disease.
9 million adults enrolled in Kaiser Permanente of Northern California, and the ascendancy of cancer over coronary disease and stroke will happen throughout the United States sometime before the end of this decade, Dr.
Two common variants in the lipoprotein(a) gene have been found to correlate with both plasma lipoprotein levels and the risk of coronary disease, according to Dr.
This study confirms the importance of early identification and treatment of affected heterozygous individuals, since the major benefit of statin treatment appears to be in the primary prevention of fatal coronary disease," lead author Dr.